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Is epistemology a priori, a posteriori or a combination of both? Why?
- Josh AlfredLv 52 months ago
Its a combination of both. A priori is equate to innate ideas or nativism, and a posteriori to empiricism, in epistemology.
- j153eLv 72 months ago
"Epistemology" was coined in the 19th c to describe "standing over" a thing--the complementary perspective to Plato's "hypothesis," or "under-standing." A metaphor for Mom-Aristotle tasting a soup and "understanding"-guesstimating ratio of sweet and sour, and Mom-chef "standing over" the soup, and seasoning to taste. Such "scientific" contemplation/experimentation is always a posteriori, aka after the "soup's on" fact.
If one is clear about "What is experience?", the experiencer is already being/existing. "A priority", if defined as knowing based on reasoning underived from prior experience, is always a subset of "a posteriority" experience, aka being/existence (one's own, or accepting another's experience).
(Imho, one quality-control indicator of a given philosophy is the neuro-archetectonic accuracy of the philosopher's intuitions, especially prior to scientific explanations of same. Plato, Plotinus, Descartes, Kant, and Husserl all do well with this metric.)
The chicken is always there--"a posteriority;" it is the "a priority" of the egg, which latter is "a posteriority's" ontological subset, e.g the egg may be kantian transcendental, husserlian epoche, etc., but before the egg says "I am a priori," it ought understand that it proceeded from the "a posteriority" of the chicken. Ontology necessarily precedes and bases epistemology, and that which is, is always prior to reasoned "synthetic a priority."
The very nomenclature is illogical, valorizing reason. What is actually "prior" is labeled "to the rear, a posteriori," and what is termed "a priori" is actually what is reared up upon prior experience: reason seeking Platonic Dianoia, based on prior experience (Eikasia and Pistis). Kant simply reversed the developmental logic in order to valorize his "transcendental" Dianoia as "pure" reason, a valorization which Plato correctly understood to be irreal dualism. Necessary truths or maths, Dianoia, arise from empirical 5-sense data. Kant's Copernican revolution reversed this, looking down upon epistemology's "looking down upon physis" (physis aka Eikasia-Pistis). This process of a double looking down is simply von Neumannian framing, but Kant termed it "transcendental," deeming such reasoning completely separate from 5-sense data...as Yoda might say, "No sense makes 'transcendental'." Both Plato and von Neumann were correct; Kant valorized "transcendental" reasoning as synthetic a priority, which simply does not fit the facts--i.e. rather that physis first (and is a continuum which) shapes or in-forms our mentation, which latter therefore in turn is a subset of the ontologicality of episteme, which latter is understood to be a conceptual point of view or framing which may interpret physis-objects in the Kantian Copernican revolution of "pure reason," which latter may be likened to a pure Dianoia lotus flower rooted in the physis of Eikasia and Pistis.
- towwwdothelloLv 42 months ago
"Epi" means beyond try a different dictionary. Both--depending on reliability of data.