Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 2 months ago

What was the Roman empire doing in 500 bce?

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  • 2 months ago
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    Well, it wasn't an empire yet, far from it. Rome had just recently expelled their corrupt last king, Lucius Tarquinius Superbus, and were finding a way of governing the State without allowing for a tyrannical ruler to rise again (or so they hoped). The Republic with its Senate was newly instated and annual consulships functioned as finite government leaders. The city of Rome was still confined to it's immediate countryside and even its near by Latin neighbours were not yet on friendly terms. Mostly the Romans at this time were concerned with establishing their dominance in Central Italy and figuring out how to govern the city's domestic affairs. Rome was still far from being the world leading empire it would be 500 years later. This is not the most well documented time for Roman history either, so our best contemporary source, Livy, isn't all that contemporary. Nevertheless, with a grain of salt, his work give a pretty good picture of what was going on in Rome around the year 500BC.

    503BC- Rome's near by colonies of Suessa Pometia and Cora in Latium revolted and joined the Auruncans to the south.

    502- The Romans responded by laying siege on Pometia and razing the city, putting the Auruncans in full retreat.

    501~500- During some celebratory Games or what was basically a sporting event some visiting Sabine youths caused a big quarrel that caused tension between the Romans and the neighbouring Sabines. Meanwhile Octavius Mamilius formed a Latin League among the thirty towns in Latium in preparation to attack the Romans. In response the current consul Titus Lartius Rufus was made dictator to have supreme command in dealing with these Sabine and Latin troubles.

    499- Rome began the attack on Latium by besieging Fidenae and capturing Crustumeria, which caused the town of Praeneste to revolt from the Latin League and join over to Rome. It's possible this year Aulus Postumius was made dictator and with the consul Titus Aebutius Elva attacked the Latins at Lake Regillus. In the battle the exiled Roman king Tarquinius Superbus who was present among the Latin forces was wounded but his son Lucius Tarquin drove off the Roman's first attack and killed the prominent Roman Marcus Valerius Publicola. In the second attack the Romans gained the upper-hand when Titus Herminius killed Lucius Tarquin, but soon died himself in the scuffle. Finally the dictator Aulus Postumius drove a last attack on the Latins to win the Battle of Lake Regillus.

    498- The recently defeated Latins showed their obedience to their conquerors by turning over the Volscian and Hernican rebels in their midst to the Roman senate for punishment.

     Archaeologists found an inscription dated to this time dedicated to Mars(Mamartei) from Satricum referring to Publius Valerius Publicola's possibly private militia('gang').

    This is also the time when Tiber Island was supposedly formed from the discarded harvests from the Tarquinian farms

    Source(s): Titus Livius Patavinus 'Histories' Book II.16-21 / Cornell, T. (2012). The Beginnings of Rome Italy and Rome from the Bronze Age to the Punic Wars (c. Hoboken: Taylor and Francis
  • GA41
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    First Dictator.  Making a commercial treaty with Carthage.  At war with Etruria, in which rome suffered a rather serious defeat.

  • 2 months ago

    Nothing - that was the beginning of the Pre-Roman Iron Age. The Roman Empire didn't exist; it was founded in 27 BC after the Republican period.

  • Anonymous
    2 months ago

    It was still the Roman Republic.

    It would not be the Roman Empire for about 500 years.

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  • Pearl
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    if you type this on the search bar it might tell you

  • conquering and pillaging all day

  • ?
    Lv 4
    2 months ago

    First, they overthrew the Roman monarchy (Roman kingdom).

    "Publius Valerius Poplicola or Publicola (died 503 BC) was one of four Roman aristocrats who led the overthrow of the monarchy, and became a Roman consul, the colleague of Lucius Junius Brutus in 509 BC, traditionally considered the first year of the Roman Republic.".

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Publius_Valerius_Pop... .

    Then they began going to war with other peoples of Rome, beginning with the Sabines and Latins from just outside Rome, and would eventually spread out from there.

    "During his consulship in 505 BC he successfully conducted war with the Sabines and both consuls were awarded triumphs.[1] After his consulship he was sent in 501 BC as an ambassador to Ferentium to hinder a new war with the Latins.[2]".

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Marcus_Valerius_Volu... .

    The conquest of the Latins was one of their earliest, during their expansion.

    "For some time, the expectation of war between Rome and the Latins had been growing. The year after Aebutius' consulship, Aulus Postumius Albus was chosen as dictator, and as his magister equitum he nominated Aebutius. They marched into Latium, where they met a Latin army under the command of Octavius Mamilius, the dictator of Tusculum.

    In the course of the battle, Aebutius and Mamilius, both on horseback, charged at one another and inflicted serious injuries. The Tuscan prince was wounded in the breast, and taken to the rear, while Aebutius' arm was so severely injured by Mamilius' lance that he had to withdraw from the fighting, and direct his forces at a distance. The battle ended in a decisive victory for the Romans.[4][5]".

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Titus_Aebutius_Helva

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