did "the Sea Peoples" overthrow the ruling dynasty in Ancient Egypt? how? which dynasty was around at that time? was Hyksos dynasty maybe?
or how close to the time of the Hyksos dynasty? these were the people that later became "Hebrews" and "Israelites"? were they maybe forced to leave Egypt and that is their "Exodus"? did happen at same time as "Sea People"? or how far away in time? how know for certain?
The Sea Peoples are a purported seafaring confederation that attacked ancient Egypt and other regions of the East Mediterranean prior to and during the Late Bronze Age collapse (1200–900 BCE).
This history is so ancient and vague, an attacking force was known only as "sea people".
The Asiatics were exiled twice from Egypt.
The first time was during the reign of Wahkare Khety in 2100 BC.
"Those nomarchs, although recognizing Wahkare's authority, ruled de facto more or less independently. The expulsion of the "Asiatics" allowed the establishment of new settlements and defense structures on the northeastern borders, as well as the reprise of trades with the Levantine coast. Wahkare, however, warned Merikare not to neglect guarding these borders, as the "Asiatics" still were considered a danger.".
The second was in 1555 BC when Kamose began an uprising which resulted in the conquest of the Hyksos.
However Kamose would be killed in battle, and his brother Ahmose I would complete the conquest.
"Kamose was the last king of the Theban Seventeenth Dynasty. He was possibly the son of Seqenenre Tao and Ahhotep I and the full brother of Ahmose I, founder of the Eighteenth Dynasty. His reign fell at the very end of the Second Intermediate Period. Kamose is usually ascribed a reign of three years (his highest attested regnal year), although some scholars now favor giving him a longer reign of approximately five years.
His reign is important for the decisive military initiatives he took against the Hyksos, who had come to rule much of Ancient Egypt. His father had begun the initiatives and lost his life in battle with the Hyksos. It is thought that his mother, as regent, continued the campaigns after the death of Kamose, and that his full brother made the final conquest of them and united all of Egypt.".
Now the Sea peoples are the notorious sea pirates that get blamed for the late bronze age collapse and the victory over the Egyptians.
However Egypt had as good as surrendered to the Hittite empire already, when they signed the worlds first ever peace treaty with the Hittites.
"The peace treaty was recorded in two versions, one in Egyptian hieroglyphs, the other in Akkadian, using cuneiform script; both versions survive. Such dual-language recording is common to many subsequent treaties. This treaty differs from others, in that the two language versions are worded differently. While the majority of the text is identical, the Hittite version says the Egyptians came suing for peace and the Egyptian version says the reverse. The treaty was given to the Egyptians in the form of a silver plaque, and this "pocket-book" version was taken back to Egypt and carved into the temple at Karnak.".
And although historians and scholars appear to like to keep who the Sea peoples were a mystery, to fuel legends, Ramesses II knew exactly who they were.
They were Libyans allied with the Hittites.
Quite literally acting as the Hittites naval wing.
"The poem lists the peoples who went to Kadesh as allies of the Hittites. Amongst them are some of the sea peoples spoken of in the Egyptian inscriptions previously mentioned, and many of the peoples who would later take part in the great migrations of the 12th century BCE ".
The Hittites would eventually collapse the Egyptian 20th dynasty (or the sea peoples would).
"During his long tenure in the midst of the surrounding political chaos of the Late Bronze Age collapse, Egypt was beset by foreign invaders (including the so-called Sea Peoples and the Libyans) and experienced the beginnings of increasing economic difficulties and internal strife which would eventually lead to the collapse of the Twentieth Dynasty.".
However, the Egyptians had also defeated a lot of the Sea peoples, and what they used to do with those they have defeated, was incorporate them in to the Egyptian army, as part of Egypts naval wing, and the Sea peoples actually began attacking the Hittites back, in Anatolia.
And it is true, Ramesses III gave them land in Canaan.
"Ramesses III incorporated the Sea Peoples as subject peoples and settled them in southern Canaan. Their presence in Canaan may have contributed to the formation of new states in this region such as Philistia after the collapse of the Egyptian Empire in Asia. Ramesses III was also compelled to fight invading Libyan tribesmen in two major campaigns in Egypt's Western Delta in his Year 5 and Year 11 respectively.".
Now the Sea peoples were not only Libyans, but Northerners of all lands, according to Merneptah.
"[Beginning of the victory that his majesty achieved in the land of Libya] -I, Ekwesh, Teresh, Lukka, Sherden, Shekelesh, Northerners coming from all lands.".
However biblical scholars appear to think the Sea peoples that arrived in Canaan were the Phoenecians.
I have found nothing in Egyptian records that specifically refers to them as any one single particular group.
But i will take their word for it.
And, this was effectively the end of the Egyptian empire as we knew it.
After this, it would be ruled by Libyans, then Assyrians, then Greeks.
Ahmose I, below.
- Elaine MLv 72 months ago
It was the Romans that did it.