Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsBiology · 2 months ago

how mitochondria in brown fat cells use the energy in food molecules to generate heat by thermogenesis.?

please explain thoroughly

1 Answer

  • 2 months ago

    Although the mechanism of BAT-dependent CIT has mostly been investigated in small rodents, essentially the same mechanism is believed to work in humans. When animals are exposed to cold temperatures, cold is perceived by temperature sensors, transient receptor potential (TRP) channels, which are membrane proteins that transmit information about changes in the environment such as temperature, touch, pain, osmolarity, and naturally occurring substances (32). Cold-activated TRP on sensory neurons on the body surface transmit information to the brain and increase the activity of sympathetic nerves entering BAT (33). Noradrenaline (NA) released from sympathetic nerve endings stimulates brown adipocytes via the βAR and triggers cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP)-activated intracellular events including hydrolysis of triglyceride, oxidation of resulting fatty acids, and activation of uncoupling protein 1 (UCP1), a key mitochondrial molecule for BAT thermogenesis.

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