What was the Spanish reconquita? what impact did it have on Europe's Jewish population ?
- Anonymous2 months ago
Wikipedia is your friend. We are not, and your teacher wants YOUR answer, not ours. FAIL.
- ?Lv 42 months ago
What is interesting about this invasion is that a Provencal rabbi Scholar named Rabbi Abraham ben David wrote about a tradition that exists.
Now i do not know whether you agree or not, but that would suggest that in 1161 AD, the popular belief (shall we call it the Lexicon dictionary belief? "made it up myself") was that Semitic speakers in the region were mostly regarded as being Arabic from Palestine.
It would suggest this scholar is trying to suggest however, "based upon a tradition (a religious belief in the Jewish community that even Judaists were previously unaware of)" that in fact, those previous migrants were in fact from Jerusalem, and not Palestine.
??"The Provençal rabbi and scholar, Rabbi Abraham ben David, wrote in anno 1161: “A tradition exists with the [Jewish] community of Granada that they are from the inhabitants of Jerusalem, of the descendants of Judah and Benjamin, rather than from the villages, the towns in the outlying districts [of Palestine].” .
It sounds like that scholar was re-writing history, based upon nothing more than the religious beliefs of their sect?
Now i do not know if you agree, "but", (please read carefully, slowly, re-read above if required).
"But", this would likely mean that (the Lexicon belief) had previously been that the Jews that got expelled in 610 AD to Morocco, were in fact Arabic Semites, according to non Judaist tradition (contemporary understanding).
"While the policies of subsequent Kings Liuva II (601–604), Witteric (603–610), and Gundemar (610–612) are unknown to us, Sisebut (612–620) embarked on Recared's course with renewed vigor. Soon after upholding the edict of compulsory baptism for children of mixed marriages, Sisebut instituted what was to become a recurring phenomenon in Spanish official policy, in issuing the first edicts against the Jews of expulsion from Spain. Following his 613 decree that the Jews either convert or be expelled".
However, the Jews came back, financing the Moors, and defeating the Christians of Spain.
"With the victory of Tariq ibn Ziyad in 711, the lives of the Sephardim changed dramatically. For the most part, the invasion of the Moors was welcomed by the Jews of Iberia.
Both Muslim and Catholic sources tell us that Jews provided valuable aid to the invaders.".
The Moors was very much a Muslim and Jewish joint operation, and at this point in history, it would appear that both the Muslims and the Jews that re-invaded Spain, were Arabic Semites.
Now, today, the Arabs are accused of being Anti-Semites, for dhimmis towards the Jews.
But this is Judaist tradition again.
At the time, contemporary history university understanding is that this was infact not persecution of Jews, and the Jews at the time were simply Arabs with a different religion to other Arabs that were now Muslim, and at the time, the Jews considered life with the Muslims, one of prosperity and wealth.
"In spite of the restrictions placed upon the Jews as dhimmis, life under Muslim rule was one of great opportunity in comparison to that under prior Catholic Visigoths, as testified by the influx of Jews from abroad. To Jews throughout the Catholic and Muslim worlds, Iberia was seen as a land of relative tolerance and opportunity. ".
In fact, it was not until 755 AD that Jews from lands that would include Jerusalem, turned up. And those would be the same Jews that would have it written that Dhimmi was anti-semitic.
" 755, the native Jewish community was joined by Jews from the rest of Europe, as well as from Arab territories from Morocco to Mesopotamia ".
Now, after those Jews turned up, there was in fact now an attempt to keep those Jews out of the political sphere.
Quite simply, because they were not the same Jews as before.
"Although initially the often bloody disputes among Muslim factions generally kept Jews out of the political sphere, the first approximately two centuries which preceded the "Golden Age" were marked by increased activity by Jews in a variety of professions, including medicine, commerce, finance, and agriculture ".
However, slowly those Mesopotamian Jews would turn the Muslims in to the second class citizens.
"In addition to being a poet himself, Hasdai encouraged and supported the work of other Sephardic writers. Subjects covered the spectrum, encompassing religion, nature, music, and politics, as well as pleasure. Hasdai brought a number of men of letters to Córdoba, including Dunash ben Labrat, innovator of Hebrew metrical poetry and Menahem ben Saruq, compiler of the first Hebrew dictionary, which came into wide use among the Jews of Germany and France. Celebrated poets of this era include Solomon ibn Gabirol, Yehuda Halevi, Samuel Ha-Nagid ibn Nagrela, and Abraham and Moses ibn Ezra (Sassoon, p. 15; Stillman, p. 58).".
The impact this would have, is that when the Catholics reconquered the land, they did not spare the Jews, and they also expelled the Jews, though, a lot of Jews would not leave, as they were huge land-owners, and so they would decide to stay and be persecuted.
"Catholic princes, the counts of Castile and the first kings of Leon, treated the Jews as mercilessly as did the Almohades. In their operations against the Moors they did not spare the Jews, destroying their synagogues and killing their teachers and scholars. Only gradually did the rulers come to realize that, surrounded as they were by powerful enemies, they could not afford to turn the Jews against them. Garcia Fernandez, Count of Castile, in the fuero of Castrojeriz (974), placed the Jews in many respects on an equality with Catholics; and similar measures were adopted by the Council of Leon (1020), presided over by Alfonso V. In Leon, the metropolis of Catholic Spain until the conquest of Toledo, many Jews owned real estate, and engaged in agriculture and viticulture as well as in the handicrafts; and here, as in other towns, they lived on friendly terms with the Catholic population. The Council of Coyanza (1050) therefore found it necessary to revive the old-Visigothic law forbidding, under pain of punishment by the Church, Jews and Catholics to live together in the same house, or to eat together.".
It is unfortunate, but it appears that a lot of religious belief and Jewish tradition passed as contemporary history for no other reason that it was written with sophistication.
However, it was not truly sophisticated.
It was just the traditions of religious people, and it was not really the contemporary historical belief shared by non-religious academics, and it caused people to not even know the meaning of the word Semitic, Arabic, or Jewish.
Quite simply, the original Jews in this region, were Arabic, and they were onside with the Muslims in invading and conquering the land.
But there is no evil satanic anti jewish conspiracy.
It is completely made up by traditional accounts of history.
It simply comes down to a people that did not do the samething as everyone else does when they are conquered, which is leave, and go home.
They insisted upon staying, which is fine.
But staying in a country you previously conquered, and then refusing to leave when re-conquested, and insisting the land still belongs to you, will unfortunately result in a lot of political hostility, and leave one open and vulnerable to the original inhabitants of that land completely despising the group that insist the land still belongs to them, even after everyone else has gone home and surrendered.
- Anonymous2 months ago
The Reconsquista was a centuries long effort by Christians to take control of Spain from the Islamic kingdoms which had been established there following the Muslim invasion in the 8th century. In effectively ended in 1492 with the fall of Grenada, the last Islamic kingdom on the peninsula.