Help with applying Newton's second law...?
So the scenario is:
A ball is thrown vertically upwards with initial speed u, and travels upwards under the influence of gravity and air resistance. Use the quadratic model of air resistance with the ball modelled as a sphere of effective diameter D.
We're asked to obtain the equation:
dv\dt = -k(v^(2) + (g\k)) but here's how far I get... (the T's are all supposed to be small ones)
- NCSLv 73 months agoFavorite Answer
I don't understand your question. The equation follows directly from Newton's Second:
a = drag acceleration - gravitational acceleration
dv/dt = kv² - g = k*(v² - g/k) → for quadratic case
which is a first-order nonlinear ordinary differential equation.
At terminal velocity, dv/dt = 0 and so terminal v = √(g/k)
where it is subsequently shown that k = c₂D² / m.