Vural asked in Society & CultureLanguages · 1 month ago

What does Japanese expression 別無工夫 mean in English and how to pronounce it?

Wikipedia "Japanese Calligraphy" article contains this description under an image of a shodo work: 

"Calligraphy by Musō Soseki (1275–1351, Japanese zen master, poet, and calligrapher. The characters "別無工夫" ("no spiritual meaning") are written in a flowing, connected sōsho style."

Does it mean "no spiritual meaning" or this description means that the expression has no spiritual meaning.  I know that 無 (Mu) means nothing or no,  工夫 (Kufuu) means dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation). But I can not combine 別 kanji with others and infer the supplied meaning in Wikipedia.

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  • Anonymous
    1 month ago
    Favorite Answer

    The pronunciation is "tokuni kufu-nashi".

    To put it simply, it means that you can get good results if you do it as usual without being nervous even in important situations, but since it is a Zen word, it has a deep meaning, but it is difficult to explain.

  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    The correct pronunciation was "betsuni kufu-nashi". sorry.

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