What does Japanese expression 別無工夫 mean in English and how to pronounce it?
Wikipedia "Japanese Calligraphy" article contains this description under an image of a shodo work:
"Calligraphy by Musō Soseki (1275–1351, Japanese zen master, poet, and calligrapher. The characters "別無工夫" ("no spiritual meaning") are written in a flowing, connected sōsho style."
Does it mean "no spiritual meaning" or this description means that the expression has no spiritual meaning. I know that 無 (Mu) means nothing or no, 工夫 (Kufuu) means dedication to spiritual improvement (esp. through Zen meditation). But I can not combine 別 kanji with others and infer the supplied meaning in Wikipedia.
- Anonymous1 month agoFavorite Answer
The pronunciation is "tokuni kufu-nashi".
To put it simply, it means that you can get good results if you do it as usual without being nervous even in important situations, but since it is a Zen word, it has a deep meaning, but it is difficult to explain.
- Anonymous1 month ago
The correct pronunciation was "betsuni kufu-nashi". sorry.