Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Science & MathematicsChemistry · 3 weeks ago

# Help with chemistry?

What volume, in milliliters, of 0.100 M NaOH should be added to a 0.135 L solution of 0.017 M glycine hydrochloride (p 𝐾a1=2.350, p 𝐾a2 = 9.778 ) to adjust the pH to 2.75?

Relevance
• 3 weeks ago

In glycine hydrochloride, both the amino group and the carboxyl group are protonated.

Relevant Equilibrium: GlyH <--> H+ + Gly-

(I am completely ignoring the second ionization because the only important one here is the ionization of the carboxyl group.)Use the Henderson-Hasselbalch equation to calculate the ratio of protonated and unprotonated glycine at this pH.

pH = pKa + log [Gly-]/[GlyH]

2.75 = 2.35 + log [Gly-]/[GlyH]

[Gly-]/[GlyH] = 2.51

Rearranging gives [Gly-] = 2.51 [GlyH]

In the solution, [Gly-] + [GlyH] = 0.017 M.

Substituting the previous equation into this one gives:

2.51[GlyH] + [GlyH] = 0.017

[GlyH] = 4.8X10^-3 M

[Gly-] = 0.017 - 4.8X10^-3 = 0.012 M

Now, the moles of NaOH added will equal moles of Gly- in the solution.

Moles Gly- = 0.012 mol/L X 0.135 L = 1.6X10^-3 mol = moles NaOH added

Volume NaOH = 1.6X10^-3 mol / 0.100 mol/L = 0.016 L = 16 mL