edd asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 month ago

What eventually ended jim Crowe. Give specifics. Bills? Supreme Court cases etc ?

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  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    Plessy v Fergusson (1896) legalized 'separate but equal' and that facilitated Jim Crow. Brown v Board of Education (1954) (which in essence overturned Plessy by outlawing segregation) and the civil rights movement surfaced as a political priority.

    I was a kid when this was going on. Outlawing segregation was one thing that outraged many people but in got more complicated by busing school kids to force integration.

  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    Yes , as well as protests.  What eventually ended it across the board was the Civil Rights Act of 1964, which really forbid racial discrimination in American industry and government.  Before that, the edifice of Jim Crow was being eroded by a series of court decisions which were undermining pillars of Jim Crow America.  The most important of these was probably Brown vs Board of Education, which outlawed school segregation. Of course, people found ways to still segregate, but it undermined some of Jim Crow.  There were also rulings that desegregated interstate busing (which was what he famous Freedom Rides were about).  Some decisions were "executive actions" and not laws or court rulings.  Harry Truman desegregated the Armed Forces by executive order, which was a major event. And all of this was being driven by protests from African Americans.  Some of the wins were a direct result of protests and not laws.  For example, the Montgomery Bus Boycott succeeded in desegregating the bus service in Montgomery.  The lines were going broke because most of their customers were black and the African Americans in Montgomery were going to great lengths to not ride the bus during the boycott.  Other protests resulted in changes outside the legal system too.  For example, the sit in movement, which began at a Woolworths in Greensboro, achieved victories in many local places.  In Greensboro, businesses with lunch counters desegregated because they were losing tons of money from the sit ins and boycotts. 

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