How do I estimate my Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI)...?
I will earn about $164,000 this year. I will contribute about $7,000 to my traditional 403(b) and about $10,000 to my ROTH 403(b).
I am divorced and have one minor child dependent.
I'm trying to figure out if my MAGI will be less than $139,000 so that I can contribute to my ROTH IRA. I will not itemize, as I currently rent and have no real deductions to list.
Thanks for the help!!!! I could not find a good calculator/estimator.
- danxp2Lv 66 months agoFavorite Answer
What Is Modified Adjusted Gross Income (MAGI)?
Modified adjusted gross income (MAGI) is an important number. First of all, it determines whether you can contribute to a Roth IRA and if you can deduct IRA contributions. It also factors into your eligibility for certain education tax benefits and income tax credits. Furthermore, it establishes your eligibility for income-based Medicaid and subsidized health insurance plans on the Health Insurance Marketplace.
Still, as important as this number is, you won’t find it on your tax return. You’ll have to crunch some numbers to find your MAGI.
How Modified Adjusted Gross Income Works
Determining your MAGI is a three-step process:
1 Figure your gross income for the year.
2 Calculate your adjusted gross income (AGI).
3 Add back certain deductions to find your MAGI.
Figure Your Gross Income
Your gross income includes everything you earned during the year from:
Rental and royalty income
Note: There are two scenarios in which alimony payments are not considered gross income. The first is if your divorce agreement was executed after 2018. The second is if your divorce agreement was executed before 2019, but later modified to expressly state that such payments are not deductible for the payer.
Your gross income appears on line 7b of Form 1040.
Calculate Your AGI (or Find It on Your Tax Return)
Your adjusted gross income (AGI) is important because it’s the total taxable income calculated before itemized or standard deductions, exemptions, and credits are taken into account. It dictates how you can use various tax credits and exemptions. For example, AGI affects the amount of money you can claim for the child tax credit.
Your adjusted gross income is equal to your gross income, less certain tax-deductible expenses, including:
Certain business expenses for performing artists, reservists, and fee-basis government officials
Half of any self-employment taxes
Health insurance premiums (if you’re self-employed)
Health savings account (HSA) contributions
Moving expenses for members of the Armed Forces moving due to active duty
Penalties on early withdrawal of savings
Retirement plan contributions (including IRAs and self-employed retirement plan contributions)
Student loan interest
Tuition and fees
You can do the math to figure out your AGI, or you can find it online 8b of Form 1040.
Add Back Certain Deductions
To find your MAGI, take your AGI and add back:
Any deductions you took for IRA contributions and taxable Social Security payments
Any deductions you took for student loan interest or tuition
Excluded foreign income
Half of your self-employment taxes
Interest from EE savings bonds used to pay for higher education expenses
Losses from a publicly-traded partnership
Passive income or loss
Qualified tuition expenses
The exclusion for adoption expenses
Many of these deductions are not commonly used, so your MAGI and AGI could be similar or even identical.
With the information you gave
At best given the information you shared you are over the 139,000 limit. Nothing you have shared indicates your MAGI or AGI will be less then the 164,000.
At the very best you are 164,000 - 17,000 if all of your retirement plans are deductible and none of them have to be added back, you are still only at 143,000... which I don’t think you get to subtract your Roth 403(b) contributions anyway. You don’t mention you are self-employed. No you would not be able to be below the MAGI of 139,000
- StephenWeinsteinLv 76 months ago
You take what you will earn, add any other income, subtract what you will contribute to the traditional 403(b) (but NOT what you will contribute to IRAs or to Roths) and any other adjustments (except traditional IRA contributions).
- JoeLv 46 months ago
you make enough money to ask a more qualified person