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Anonymous asked in Society & CultureLanguages · 2 months ago

Why do we call Latin fusional?

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  • Pontus
    Lv 7
    2 months ago
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    fusional - refers to the type of grammar that predominates in Latin.

    Another term for fusional grammar is inflectional grammar.  

    Fusional/inflectional grammar is one type of synthetic grammar (the other type is agglutinative). 

    The other major grammar type, which is not synthetic, is analytic (relying on word order). 

    Few languages are purely one type of grammar.  Latin is highly fusional/inflectional, with some mild analytic grammar.

    English, on the other hand, is highly analytic with very mild inflection. 

    Latin use affixes to indicate various grammatical ideas.  Affixes are a type of inflection.  Latin is undeniably inflectional.  Linguistically, inflectional is another term for fusional. 

    Inflections typically represent more than one piece of information at a time.  They also have no meaning separated from any word.  Different words within the same word class might use different forms.  All of that makes them hard to separate out from word, so they are said to be "fused" with the word, often in both terms of form and meaning. 

    -d or -ed, for example, in English, is an inflection that indicates the past tense as well as the past participle.  But there are many words within the class of verbs that don't use either.  grow/grew/grown - for example, is yet another type of inflection. Regardless of the pattern used in those examples, the inflections have no meaning by themselves.  raid - for example, doesn't indicate past tense, even though paid does.  -fusional.

    Source(s): https://glossary.sil.org/term/fusional-language ; studied linguistics
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  • 2 months ago

    Do we? I don't think I do.

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