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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 2 months ago

Why were the German bombing raids over London always at night?

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  • 2 months ago

    They didn't, the first were daylight bombings. The Germany bombers suffer too many casualties during daylight bombings -mainly due to their fighters only having sufficient fuel to protect them for a limited time and fighter command recovering from their devastating engagement with the Luftwaffer.

    .

    The Germans bombed and smashed the British RAF aerodromes first.This step was taken by the Germans not because the RAF were intercepting German medium bombers but, because the RAF were harassing German shipping in the British channel.

    It was first after the British had bombed Berlin that the Germans started to bomb strategic target in England.London was one of them and the brunt of the Blitz here, were taken by the Docklands with all its industry,ships repair-workshops, warehouses and ship unloading/loading facilities and of course not to forget the indigenous population, The Cockneys.The Germans caught the docks on fire.The bomber raids lasted up until 1941.

    German bomber over the Docklands.

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  • 2 months ago

    Not all the Nazi bombings raids of London happened at night.  Throughout September 1940, there were daylight raids as well.

    That said, the bombers had a greater chance of not being shot down if they bombed at night.

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    • Michael
      Lv 5
      2 months agoReport

      Not so.Fighter command was put out of action for many mouths.The Germans started to bomb English towns in retaliation for the English bombing of Berlin.And their target were strictly strategic.The Germans were 14 day away from destroying fighter command,when Churchill ordered that Berlin be bombe.

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  • 2 months ago

    Another question based on an untrue assumption.

    "The German bombing raids over London were always at night."

    But - WERE they?No, they weren't. Some happened in day time.

    So your question falls.

    Please check 'whether' before asking 'why'.

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  • F
    Lv 6
    2 months ago

    Night raids have a big advantage for the attackers since they can’t be seen but a big disadvantage because you can’t see the target well as the cities would be under blackout. Unfortunately for London, the shape of the river Thames is so distinctive, the Germans knew exactly where they whereas British night raids over say Berlin, could be 5 miles out.

    The USA did most of the Allies daylight raids but losses were horrific until they developed long range fighter escorts.

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    • F
      Lv 6
      2 months agoReport

      And at night if there was any moonlight the Thames shone like a great big signpost.

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  • PAMELA
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    Oh no, at any time of day, my mother remembers bombs coming over during the day, she lived in london at that time.

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  • zeno
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    They had no radars in those days. So it was

    To gain advantage or a sneak attack.

    • anon99
      Lv 5
      2 months agoReport

      we had Radar so did the Germans the Radar helped the UK win the Battle of Britain in 1940

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  • Joseph
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    From September 7 until September 15, 1940 the Germans tried to bomb London during the day.  The attack on September 7 damaged shipping in the Thames Estuary and caused 400 civilians killed.  Another daylight attack on September 8 caused 412 killed.  There was another heavy raid on September 9.  Bad weather gave respite to fighting which resumed on Sunday September 15th when Germans launched two daylight raids on London.  

    The air battles lasted from about noon until dusk.  The German lost 57 to 61 aircraft out of 620 engaged that day.  RAF lost 29 aircraft and 16 pilots killed and 14 wounded.  For the Germans, such loses, coming on the heels of the heavy losses they suffered in the Battle of Britain of the previous month and loses from the daylight bombing raids of the week before were unsustainable.   On the morning of September 7 many of the German wings were already down to 50-60% of their strength. For the September 15 morning raid it took two bomber wings to muster just 27 aircraft; two of those had to turn back due to mechanical problems and eight were either shut down or came back with enough damage to be written off.  

    After that day the German High Command realized that it just wasn't healthy for the German aircrews to be over England in daytime.  Following the heavy loses from September 7th to 15th Hitler cancelled the Operation Sealion, the amphibious invasion of England.  

       

    • Michael
      Lv 5
      2 months agoReport

      "cancelled the Operation Sealion" He never gave the order for operation Sea-lion.

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  • JuanB
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    Only the Americans were stupid enough to bomb during the day.  The British tested it, and also decided to bomb at night.  It is a lot harder to shoot down a plane you can't see.

    • F
      Lv 6
      2 months agoReport

      It’s a lot harder to see the target in the dark.

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  • wowser
    Lv 5
    2 months ago

    Protection from anti aircraft fire. the same reason British bombing raids over germany were at night

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  • mokrie
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    The planes had no lights on and could not be seen and shot at.

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