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Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Politics & GovernmentLaw & Ethics · 1 month ago

What’s the difference between a jury and a grand jury?

8 Answers

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  • 1 month ago

    Big difference. A grand jury does not decide guilt or innocence. A grand jury decides if there is sufficient evidence for the state to go ahead with prosecuting a case against someone who has been arrested and charged with a crime. The standards for evidence shown by the prosecutor to the grand jury are far, far below the standards required at a criminal trial. Grand jury members may ask questions, while jurors may not speak until they have entered the jury room to begin deliberations.

    A grand jury will either 'hand up' an indictment, and then a trial date will be set for a jury to hear the case, or will issue a 'No Bill' - a decision that the prosecution has not proven its case enough to warrant handing up an indictment. The case is either dropped or police and prosecutors work to investigate further and strengthen their case. If they try again, enough time will probably have passed so that when they try again, a different grand jury panel will hear it.

    A jury, also known as a petit jury, serves for that one trial only and is then excused. A grand jury hears multiple cases over a period of several months, usually meeting once a week. Think of it as a screening process.

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  • Clive
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    A grand jury of 16-23 people is used in some US states to decide whether there should be charges in serious cases.  It hears the prosecution evidence and decides "should this case go to trial?"  Is there enough evidence to make a good case in court that this person is guilty?  No point having a trial if there isn't!

    If it decides yes, then the matter goes to court.  if the defendant pleads not guilty, there will be a trial before another jury, this time of 12 people.

    Originally the smaller jury that actually sits in court to decide guilt was called a petty jury, from the French "petit" for "small", as "grand" is French for "large".  But now it's just called a jury.  Legal terms in English often come from French because England was ruled in French for 300 years after William the Conqueror successfully invaded in 1066.

    So a grand jury isn't particularly grand, it's just bigger than the smaller kind!

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  • 1 month ago

    A grand jury is a jury empowered by law to conduct legal proceedings and investigate potential criminal conduct, and determine whether criminal charges should be brought. It is separate from the courts, which do not preside over its functioning, and does not give a verdict.  Its job is simply to decide whether charges should be brought.  The word "grand" is from the French for big or large, since it is usually composed of up to 23 members.

    What we think of as an ordinary jury, though, does hear a case and delivers a verdict in court.  It's often called a trial jury or sometimes a petit jury, from the French again, this time for "small", since it is composed of 12 members.

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  • PAMELA
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    In america the grand jury is called to decide whether a person can be charged with an offence,a jury is called upon to hear all the evidence in the case and to come to a verdict, guilty or innocent.

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  • 1 month ago

    The Grand Jury reviews cases and determines if they need to go on to the court for trial. A jury sits in during a trial and determines if the person is guilty or not.

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  • Tom
    Lv 4
    1 month ago

    A thousand reasons. A grand's a thousand, isn't it?

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  • Mike
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    A trial jury is a petit jury, usually 6 or 12 jurors who hear civil and criminal cases and decide who wins or loses. Lawyers for both sides can question prospective jurors before trial try to select jurors who won't hurt their side.

    A grand jury consists of a larger number (23 e.g.) who are selected at random to investigate criminal cases at the behest of a District Attorney to decide if a felony charge should be brought against someone. The grand jury can take testimony of witnesses and issue subpoenas. If they find there is probable cause to charge a defendant, they issue a formal charge called an indictment, and the defendant goes to trial before a petit jury which will decide if the defendant is guilty of the charge beyond a reasonable doubt.

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  • Bruce
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    A jury is assembled to be present during a trial AFTER you are charged with a crime.

    A Grand Jury convenes BEFORE you are charged with a crime to determine if there is probable cause to proceed with formal charges.

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