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Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 1 month ago

Were ancient Mesopotamian and ancient Egyptian theocracy?

Even though there were not Abrahamic religious

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  • 1 month ago

    Sorta, they supported their religious beliefs, but they were mostly Monarchic

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  • 1 month ago

    no, but they were highly religious

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  • 1 month ago

    I think Mesopotamia, no. Hammurabi was introducing a more democratic way of governing but in Ancient Egypt rulers were believed to have been chosen by the gods. It's interesting because in many instances this was used to control people and stop rebellion, to go against your ruler would be to go against a god and possibly condemn yourself to h*ll 

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  • WOOWHO
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    THEOCRACY ( per multiple sources ) a system of GOVERMENT , in which a god / deity  is recognized as the supreme " CIVIL"  ruler where the "god/deities "  LAWS are  "INTERPRETED" by  ecclesiastical , a system of goverment  by priest CLAIMING a Divine commission   

       actually  they were a COMBO  terms  called a THEOCRATIC  MONARCHY  which describes that the KING ( Monarchy ) ruled by a MANDATE of the GOD ( theocratic )  aka the RIGHT of KINGS to RULE aka DIVINE KINGSHIP ..

    ... this ASSERTION  was COVER  insurance  for the RULER  it assured that the King could not be removed by the PEOPLE  because such a declaration  would ELICIT   FEAR in the People of   angering the god(s)    in contrast  the UK (  Prime Minister  a parliament and a Queen ) is a CONSTITUTIONAL MONARCHY   the queen is the head of State  Prime Minister head of Goverment  .. the Monarchy originated under the  concept  of "DIVINE RIGHT of KINGS "   aka PINOCCHIO 3 :16   X SAID SO  an insurance policy  a DECLARATION  the joining of RELIGION / Goverment  BEDFELLOWS  based on PSYCHOLOGICAL manipulation  Elicit the FEAR of God  RELIGION has power the Monarchy has power and both RELY on one another to STAY in power can not be REMOVED by the PEOPLE out of "FEAR " then  there is   DEMOCRACY from Ancient Greece and later France its characteristics are promotion of  Legal  EQUALITY , Political Freedom and RULE of LAW  there are many TYPES of Democracies   DIRECT, Representative ,Parliamentarian Presidential  SEMI DIRECT ( hybrid )  variants are Constitutional Monarchy  Republic Liberal democracy SOCIALIST Anarchist Sortition  a long list

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  • 1 month ago

    The Egyptian Pharaohs were earthly incarnations of Horus. Mesopotamian kings were the mouthpieces of the gods. Their rule was divine will.

    If you look at the Law Codes of Hammurabi it's made clear on the stele that the laws were dictated from the sun god Shamash. Babylonian kings were leaders of the New Year celebration known as Akitu in which was reenacted the marriage of the gods Marduk and Sarpanitum; the king playing the role of Marduk and the high priestess of Ishtar the role of Sarpanitum. Another aspect of the New Year festivities involved the king's journey down river to nearby city of Borsippa to escort the sacred statue of Nabu back to the Babylonian pantheon. Here the king knelt before the gods and was slapped in the face by the high priest until tears streamed from his eyes, an act of humbling debasement that asserted the power of the church over the state, of god over man.

    In Egypt, although the priest acted as the god's servants and in reality performed all the rituals, it was the figure of the king who was shown performing this role in all the temple wall scenes. This preserved the fiction that he alone carried out every rite in all the temples. The Egyptians considered the rituals to be effective only if they were enacted by the king to whom the gods had given the rulerships; only he could attend to their needs and execute their orders

    Source(s): 'Handbook to Life in Ancient Mesopotamia' by Stephen Bertman 'Handbook to Life in Ancient Egypt' by Rosalie David
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  • larry1
    Lv 6
    1 month ago

    No.....they weren't  A theocracy is a society run by priests. Ancient Egypt and the Mesopotamian states were definitely societies run by kings. The Egyptian/ Mesopotamian kings worked closely with the priests and the priests kept them in power, but the kings ruled, not the priests. The kings were military figures, warrior/nobles, politicians not priests.

    The priests were very important 2nd only to the kings but they weren't in charge, so no theocracy. 

    P.S. The kings may have claimed to be 'gods/ demi gods' but that was just press to overawe the commoners, and did not make the kings priests or religious leaders.

    • A theocracy doesn't have been be run by priesthood exclusively. There is such thing as a theocratic monarchy. It doesn't get much more theocratic than when the king "is" a god. 

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  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    Yes, The ancient Egyptians worshiped "Ra" (the sun god). Their society was heavily focused on the sun deity. Aten (also Aton, Ancient Egyptian: jtn) was the focus of Atenism, the religious system established in ancient Egypt by the Eighteenth Dynasty pharaoh Akhenaten. ... In his poem "Great Hymn to the Aten", Akhenaten praises Aten as the creator, giver of life, and nurturing spirit of the world.

    Mesopotamians were polytheistic; they worshiped several major gods and thousands of minor gods. Each Mesopotamian city, whether Sumerian, Akkadian, Babylonian or Assyrian, had its own patron god or goddess.

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  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    Yes . In Ancient Egypt Pharohs were Gods who ruled society. Mesopotamia had local deities who were patrons of individual city states, much like the Greeks had.

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