Greek mythology: Does Hades control both the earth and the underworld?

I've read somewhere on the internet that apparently Hades doesn't only control the underworld but he also controls the earth? Which doesn't really make sense to me but apparently it's supposed to symbolize balance because you know, earth - life, underworld - death...? or something?.. But if it actually ISN'T the case and Hades only controls the underworld, does that mean that Poseidon controls the earth??? WHICH DOESN'T MAKE SENSE EITHER BECAUSE HE CONTROLS THE OCEAN?????????????????????????


5 Answers

  • Pontus
    Lv 7
    1 month ago
    Favorite Answer

    In addition to Elaine's excellent answer:

    1. Hades ruled the underworld, and his realm was also called Hades but had various parts (Asphodel Meadows - for ordinary souls, the Elysian fields -sometimes said to be on the banks of the River Oceanus, in the West.  Sometimes said to be the Isles of the Blessed, in that river, for heroes, the virtuous, etc, and Tartarus - another underworld far below Hades (and a primordial god), for  enemies of the gods or the exceedingly wicked, and Erebus (also a primordial God), a region between the surface of the Earth and Asphodel Meadows where the souls traveled on their way to Hades, to be judged). 

    2. Poseidon ruled the sea (and by most accounts, all water as well).  

    3. Zeus ruled the sky and Olympus.

    4. The Earth (also a primordial goddess, Gaia) was common to all three. 

    5.  There were various generations of gods:

    a. the Primordial gods - who came first.  Most of them had children of their own, mostly minor gods/goddesses or nymphs, who inhabited various realms. Their leaders were Ouranos (the sky) and Gaia (the Earth). 

    b. the Titans (12 children of Ouranos & Gaia, as well as many of their children, also living in the various realms).  Their original leaders were Cronus and Rhea, after Cronus castrated his father Ouranos.  Gaia remained in power but many other gods & goddesses would have control over the Earth as well. After Zeus dethroned his father, a second generation Titan, Atlas, was the new leader of the Titans.  The Olympians eventually defeated the Titans and imprisoned most of the men in Tartarus.  Two Titans remained in power (for not having taken sides).  All the Titanesses remained in power (most of whom did not fight at all in the war). Hekate, a second generation Titaness, did fight with the Olympians against her father & uncles, and was rewarded with power in all the realms. 

    c. the Olympians (mostly children of Cronus & Rhea, and some of their grandchildren,  plus Aphrodite who - by most accounts, was a child of Ouranos -from his severed testicles which mixed with Thalassa (a primordial spirit of the sea, a granddaughter of two primordial gods.  She had a male counterpart, Pontus, as well, who was a son of Gaia, without a father).

    6. All the realms had many other gods and goddesses inhabiting them, as well as nymphs. Greek gods were basically like people, with magical powers.  They had children.  Some of them specialized in the same areas, Just like in a real family. 

    7. Poseidon was not the first god of the sea nor its first ruler.  Zeus was not the first ruler of the universe and the first to specialize in the sky.  The underworld had no single ruler before Hades took it over, but there were other gods/goddesses. 

    8. Hades did supply gems and precious metals inside the Earth, (in the soil, which technically was at the very edge of the underworld.  The underworld itself was said to be as far below the Earth as the Earth was below the Sky.   It was not technically a part of the Earth itself (although some myths do make it seem like Tartarus was inside Gaia, even though Tartarus was a primordial god in his own right).

    9. Greek myths spanned thousands of years.  They came from various cultures in addition to the ancient Greek culture.  Myths were changed and added for the years.  Gods were confused with other ones.  Some authors simply made up their own rules/stories.  The universe of the Greek gods therefore has a lot of gray area and overlap.  It's not black & white.  There are contradictions at times. 

    10. Nereus was one of five sea gods that were the children of Pontus (male spirit of the sea) and Gaia.   Most of them were gods of sea storms of various kinds. 

    Nereus is also famous for his 50 daughters, the Nereids, who were nymphs of the (Mediterranean) sea. One of whom, Amphitrite, married Poseidon and became queen of the sea). 

    There were other sea gods as well, with various parents.

    11. Note that all Olympians gods had some basic powers (shapeshifting, transmutation, storms/weather, immortal, etc).  Some were stronger in some areas than others.  Hades, Zeus, and Poseidon drew lots to see who would get their respective kingdoms, while the Earth remained common to all.   That implies that  each of them could have ruled over the other kingdoms.  Exactly how they received power and maintained control over their kingdoms is never directly answered.   But it's clear gods could exist limited control in at least some areas that were not truly theirs. 

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  • 2 weeks ago

    what do you believe? thats the right answer then. everyone says a bunch of **** they don’t know about mythology.

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  • 1 month ago

    The ancient Greek gods didn't really control very much.  They just did good or bad things for humans, depending on what kind of mood they were in that day.  They didn't even have reasons for acting out on their mood swings.

    Hades was the god of the underworld and its inhabitants, not the earth.  And he didn't so much control it, he just kind of worked there.

    The Greek gods were nothing like the Judeo/Christian lord-thy-god.  The god of the Big Three religions is 100% good, and his enemy is Satan who is 100% bad, and there's no wiggle room for either of them.  If God does something bad, it's obviously for a larger good reason.  If Satan does something good, it's just a distraction from his totally evil master plan.  

    The Christian god sounds a lot like a psychotic teenage girlfriend to me, while the Greek gods are more like moody in-laws.

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  • 1 month ago

    In Greek mythology, the Titanomachy was a ten-year series of battles fought in Thessaly, consisting of most of the Titans (an older generation of gods, based on Mount Othrys) fighting against the Olympians (the younger generations, who would come to reign on Mount Olympus) and their allies. Following their final victory, the three brothers divided the world amongst themselves: Zeus was given domain over the sky and the air, and was recognized as overlord. Poseidon was given the sea and all the waters, whereas Hades was given the Underworld, the realm of the dead. Each of the other gods was allotted powers according to the nature and proclivities of each. The earth was left common to all to do as they pleased, even to run counter to one another, unless the brothers (Zeus, Poseidon and Hades) were called to intervene.

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  • Elaine
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    The earth was Gaea, a goddess in her own right. . There was a distinction between earth and  sea.  Hades was the ruler of the Underworld and seldom left his domain.  Neither Zeus nor Poseidon interfered with Hades' domain. The wealth, minerals such as gold, silver that came from the earth were considered to be a gift of Hades in one of his aspects Pluton. The other sea gods you mention are the various aspects of the sea. 

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