Anonymous
Anonymous asked in Arts & HumanitiesPhilosophy · 1 month ago

How did marcus aurelius view the world?

6 Answers

Relevance
  • 1 month ago

    It was basically Stoicism, which is a school of Hellenistic philosophy founded by Zeno of Citium in Athens in the early 3rd century BC. Stoicism is a philosophy of personal ethics informed by its system of logic and its views on the natural world. According to its teachings, as social beings, the path to Eudaimonia (happiness) for humans is found in accepting the moment as it presents itself, by not allowing oneself to be controlled by the desire for pleasure or fear of pain, by using one's mind to understand the world and to do one's part in nature's plan, and by working together and treating others fairly and justly.

    • Login to reply the answers
  • Anonymous
    1 month ago

    Marcus Aurelius was a Stoic philosopher, which means he believed the only good was moral good and the only evil moral evil--aka, the only thing that matters is someone's moral intent. 

    This means roughly that the only thing important is doing the right thing. Other things people think are  "goods" or "evils," like food, power, sex or loss, death, illness respectively aren't actually good or evil. We should be indifferent to such things. That's what Marcus Aurelius tried really hard to do in his Meditations. 

    Stoics also believe the world is ordered in a universal harmony, so instead of fighting against the will of Fortune, we should conform our wills to Fortune's will. For example, instead of being sad that your friend died (fighting against the will of Fortune) you should realize that his death was part of a larger harmony and so was ultimately good because Fortune willed it (conforming your will to Fortune's)--basically, you should will his death too, because you realize that a universe far more rational than you willed it. 

    Most Stoic philosophers thought we should do our best to train ourselves to have no emotions, because emotions make us think things are good or evil that really aren't. We should live entirely in accordance with reason. 

    They think this is the way to true tranquility, because you can't control external things, only your response to them, ie you can't control whether you friend dies, but you can control whether you respond to it in a good or bad way. Harnessing the power of your moral intent and being indifferent to Fortune's blows are the ways to power and tranquility. 

    As a Stoic philosopher, Marcus Aurelius viewed the world according to this framework. 

    • Login to reply the answers
  • larry1
    Lv 6
    1 month ago

    Marcus Aurelius viewed the world by.....logic. (think Mr. Spock in Star Trek). 

    He took Plato/ Socrates and Epictetus and distilled them into a way of dealing with everyday life. His best work is 'Meditations', it's basic tenant is when faced with anything in the world....ask.....what is the basis of the problem/ thing/ person at it's simplest. 

    Then, when you know that proceed by logic from there.

    • Login to reply the answers
  • j153e
    Lv 7
    1 month ago

    He viewed people as each having strengths.  He was grateful for cooperation and harmony.

    • Login to reply the answers
  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • 1 month ago

    It was round and green and fruitful

    • Login to reply the answers
  • 1 month ago

    From ground level.

    • Login to reply the answers
Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.