fanny asked in Arts & HumanitiesHistory · 2 months ago

1. Why Cleopatra is considered to be Hellenistic monarch and a monarch in the Egyptian pharaonic tradition?

1 Answer

  • 2 months ago

    Cleopatra was a direct descendent of Ptolemy I who was one of Alexander the Great's generals. They were all Makedonian Greeks. Alexander conquered Egypt in the later 4th Century BC and after he died Ptolemy and his 'Ptolemaic' descendants ruled for the next 300ish years. Most of these Ptolemies were very Greek in culture and aside from calling themselves "Pharaohs" didn't give much interest in their subjected Egyptians' culture. However, Cleopatra was an exception. She learned to speak the Egyptian language and even participated in some of their religious rituals. 

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