How does American hire education system work?

Who owns the universities: the state, private owners? Who controls the quality of education in private facilities? Can I open a private university in my garage and start giving out bachelor's diplomas in law or medicine for 20 bucks? Who would stop me? Can you go work for the state with a private university diploma? If so, who has to check that you didn't obtain in the aforementioned garage university?

Here in Russia there is such thing as accreditation. If a university wants to give out government form diploma it has to be follow a very rigid, long-outdated guideline to be "accredited". If the course isn't accredited, the university's diploma is next to useless. You can't work for the government, you cannot apply for a masters degree in an accredited course. The system is broken but I cannot pinpoint where the problem lies. Is there anything similar to that in America?

9 Answers

Relevance
  • 2 months ago
    Favorite Answer

    Who owns the universities: the state, private owners? 

    First of all, it's the "United States" and there are fifty states, plus territories such as Puerto Rico. There are many state-owned colleges and universities, controlled by the individual states; and many private colleges and universities, which are either not-for-profit organizations, or for-profit companies. Some of the best universities in the U.S., or even the world, are private (not-for-profit) organizations (e.g. Harvard). Who controls the quality of education in private facilities? The U.S. Department of Education approves a number of "regional accreditation organizations" which in turn accredit institutions within their region (ten or so states each). Standards are fairly uniform across the U.S, despite small variations in the regional organizations. There are a few national accreditation agencies, but (somewhat counterintuitively) it's the regional ones that matter.  Colleges and universities need to be accredited to receive federal financial aid. Can I open a private university in my garage and start giving out bachelor's diplomas in law or medicine for 20 bucks? Well, first of all, in the U.S. law and medicine are both graduate degrees; you need to get a bachelor's degree first. And in all states for medical practice, and nearly all states for law practice, you need to graduate from an AMA-accredited medical school to practice medicine in the states, and an ABA-accredited law school to practice law (there are some exceptions for people licensed in a foreign country). Thus, no one would pay for a medical degree from a garage university. But in the State of California, you can be licensed as a lawyer without having graduated from an ABA-accredited law school, as long as you pass the bar exam.  There are in fact several "garage" law schools in existence; their passage rates on the bar exam are miserable, but still people pay to go there. Who would stop me? It would be fraud (a state and/or federal crime) if you claimed that you could become a licensed physician by going to your school, that credits taken at your school could transfer to an accredited school, that students would be eligible for financial aid, that they will be eligible for certain jobs, etc. But if you make no false claims, no one would stop you. If someone wants to pay a few hundred bucks for a pretty piece of paper, that's just capitalism. You couldn't charge as much as a "real" university, however, since you would not be eligible to receive federal financial aid. Can you go work for the state with a private university diploma? Yes, as long as it was a regionally accredited university. To work for the U.S.  government as an attorney, you need to pass any State bar, plus to have graduated from an ABA-approved law school. So a California lawyer who passed the bar, but attended a garage university, still couldn't work for the federal government even though he could practice law in California. If so, who has to check that you didn't obtain in the aforementioned garage university? State and federal jobs that require a level of education require you to have a  transcript sent directly from the school. There are also services such as "Student Clearinghouse" that provides information that a student has graduated from a particular university. 

    • ...Show all comments
    • Sam Spayed
      Lv 7
      2 months agoReport

      They create their own standards, and they're non-governmental organizations. https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Higher_education_accreditation_in_the_United_States

    • Login to reply the answers
  • 2 months ago

    run taught by liberals ostensibly they are state run most are, or privatley financed,with tuition,nothing is free,

    • Login to reply the answers
  • 2 months ago

    How does it work??  I'll tell you how it works.  Here's how it works, buddy boy!  You throw all forms of logic and reason out the window, senselessly blow six figures of your future earnings on education and then no American will "hire" you because you're an idiot.  That's basically how the "hire" education system works in America.  It doesn't because in the end nobody wants to "hire" you anyway.

    Attachment image
    • Reporting
      Lv 6
      2 months agoReport

      Funny as feck "Hire" indeed!

    • Login to reply the answers
  • Daniel
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    There are several types of universities.  Most public universities are run by the states, with a few federal institutions as well as others run by cities and counties.

    There are also many universities run by organizations other than the government.  Some of them are run by religious organizations.  Most are not-for-profit.  Some of the most prestigious universities in the US are non-governmental and include the Ivy League schools.  

    There are also for profit schools.  Most of them cater to non-traditional students.  Some of them are reputable, but many aren't.

    Most universities as well as their individual degree programs are accredited by regional accreditation organizations.  A degree from a non-accredited university or from a program that isn't accredited is pretty much useless.  

    Some for-profit schools are 'nationally accredited.'  Degrees from these school might not be accepted by employers or universities (for people pursuing higher degrees).

    Accrediting bodies are recognized by the US Department of Education.

    Read this to get a better idea of how accreditation works in the US.  

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Regional_accreditati...

    https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Higher_education_acc...

    In addition to accreditation, the ranking of a university and its programs carries weight with employers and graduate level programs.  Various organizations rank schools and their programs every year.  US News and World Report is one of them.  

    So, you could create what we call a 'diploma mill,' but your degrees would be worthless.  If your school isn't accredited by a recognized regional accreditor and your degree program isn't accredited by the organization that accredits those degrees, no one is going to hire your graduates or admit them to a graduate program.  You also stand a good chance of being sued or even criminally charged with fraud.

    • ...Show all comments
    • Daniel
      Lv 7
      2 months agoReport

      You have mentioned bribery and corruption several times.  That's my point about how this isn't Russia.

    • Login to reply the answers
  • How do you think about the answers? You can sign in to vote the answer.
  • Laurie
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    I hope you mean “higher” education...

    • Iam2 months agoReport

      yes

    • Login to reply the answers
  • Pearl
    Lv 7
    2 months ago

    you can try doing that

    • Login to reply the answers
  • 2 months ago

    The systems are similar.

    There are both public (state supported) and private (not-for-profit, or for-profit) colleges and universities in the USA.

    For-profit private schools are generally not held in much regard. Credits earned in them are generally not recognized by schools that hold stricter academic accreditation.

    Reputable schools are accredited by agencies with different levels of academic standards.  "Regional accreditation" is the top academic standard, but there are other accrediting agencies that are valid in some fields.

    You need to be accredited by some agency in order to confer degrees.  Each school is subject to review on a regular basis in order to keep their accreditation.

  • 2 months ago

    Trump did just that. He just had to pay reparations to all the students he cheated. 

    • Login to reply the answers
  • 2 months ago

    Universities can be owned by the state, nonprofits, or private owners.

    Education quality is determined through accreditation.  

    You can open a private university, but no one will come to it because you lack accreditation.  No one would stop you except the lack of students.

    Of course you can get a job with an accredited degree.  Human resources departments are charged with checking the credentials of individuals, and a great many individuals have lost their jobs due to having fake diplomas.

Still have questions? Get your answers by asking now.