If european's diseases killed off indigenous people in the Americas why are there still huge numbers of indigenous south americans?

Historians say that diseases killed off most native americans but in south America most people are descendants of indigenous people.

11 Answers

  • Magui
    Lv 6
    4 weeks ago

    Maybe many are mixed with European or Sub-Saharan African and so they got more resistant to diseases.

    The Indigenous surving ones kept reproducing and so there are still many Indigenous people.

  • 4 weeks ago

    Diseases spread at a lower pace among hunter-gatherer groups because of lower population density and the fact that they're more isolated from each other. 

    If a disease hits a hunter-gatherer tribe that lives in the Amazon and consists of 20-30 individuals, the chances are they'll all die before spreading the disease to another group. That's not the case of people that live in big cities and use fast means of transport.

    There are likely other factors involved. It is possible that people living in subtropical or tropical regions as in most of South America are better adapted to pathogens because they're more numerous and diverse there than in temperate regions. It's also possible that the number of European colonizers was much lower in these regions to start with. Human population has exponentially increased from 1800s onwards, so tiny population consisting of 1000 Indigenous Peruvians that lived in 1600s likely has a lot of descendants alive today. 

  • Anonymous
    4 weeks ago

    And North America, of course. Except that they didn't. That's a completely false history taught by losers like the British and their communist brethren who always hated and despised the existence of America as they do to this day. Just read some of their accounts answers to this simple question right here. We've only been in America a ridiculously paltry 500 years. After Columbus it was well over another 50-150 years when ships just started to routinely make voyages there in still relatively tiny obscure numbers. History is an enemies best friend, except that enemies bring these things on themselves.

  • Anonymous
    4 weeks ago

    Because most indigenous people in south / central America claim they're white. So they can't get an accurate count on them.

    • Kent4 weeks agoReport

      American white is still the light-skinned white of America. It's not Britain in America, sweetheart, and Americans never came from Persia, Asia, China, France or Africa as British would always try to tell everyone. They evolved from America, but Science is illegal in The UK so what can anyone do.

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  • reme_1
    Lv 7
    4 weeks ago

    People still carry on and reproduce. .

  • 4 weeks ago

    The native population in Mexico fell from almost 22 million to around a million and a half due to European plagues.  The Maya in Central America lost approximately 90% of their population.  The Inca in Peru suffered similarly, including the Inca Emperor  Huayna Capac, who died of smallpox.

    Even though probably 18 out of every 20 natives died due to European diseases, that still left a population from the Rio Grande in the north to the Rio Madiera in the south of perhaps six or seven million people.  The Spanish and Portuguese quickly augmented that with their own numbers, as well as - over the next 350 years - almost 11 million African slaves.  While an unknowable number of enslaved natives and Africans were worked to death, the surviving native, African - plus European - women began to repopulate both Central and South America with children of pure blood from their respective lines, and with many more children of mixed blood.  Statistically, it was inevitable that mixed blood would predominate.

    The "huge numbers of indigenous South Americans" you refer to are results of that repopulation, not plague-escapees.

    Natives in North America below the Arctic have not repopulated similarly due to racism and social pressures that reduce mixed marriages, because of poverty and disease limiting native male longevity and birth rates, and because European vs Native warfare ended more recently, continuing in some places into the 20th century, some 200 years after the end of the last Mayan kingdom.

  • Anonymous
    4 weeks ago

    90% is 90%. South and central America were more densely populated than North.

  • 4 weeks ago

    No there isn't a "huge number."  Except Bolivia, Peru, and perhaps Ecuador, most South Americans are either mostly black or European. 

    Today there are a billion+ white people, billion+ East Asian, billion+ Africans, billion+ dot Indians, billion+ muslims etc, but only 20 million Indigenous people in South America... maybe less.   500 years ago, Europeans, Asians, and Africans were only a small fraction of their contemporary's population while Indigenous Americans may have had a larger population 500 years ago than compared to today's contemporary Indigenous population size. 

    If diseases and Iberian atrocities didn't kill Indigenous South Americans, there would likely be a billion Indigenous South Americans today, or at least half a billion.   Also, the mestizaje/miscegenation in Latin America was also a form of genocide the Iberians used on the Indigenous population, it was a form of racial whitening so no, Mestizos and tri-racials aren't Indigenous people. 

  • 4 weeks ago

    Because some of them look like Asian men, so they have janitor faces too like Asians.

  • Not everyone died...

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