What is atypical hepatoma in the liver?
- Country GIRLLv 71 month agoBest Answer
A hepatoma (hepatocellular carcinoma) is a cancer that begins in the liver.
Hepatomas are the most common type of cancer originating in the liver (primary liver cancer).In certain areas of Africa and Southeast Asia, hepatomas are even more common than metastatic liver cancer, and they are prominent cause of death.
In these areas, there is a high prevalence of chronic infection with the hepatitis B virus, which increases the risk of hepatomas more than 100 fold. Chronic infection with hepatitis C also increases the risk of hepatomas. Finally, certain cancer- causing substances (carcinogens) produce hepatomas. In subtropical regions where hepatomas are common, food is often contaminated by carcinogens called aflatoxins, substances that are produced by certain types of fungi.
In North America, Europe, and other areas of the world where hepatomas are less common, most people with hepatomas are alcoholics with long-standing liver cirrhosis. Additional types of cirrhosis are also associated with hepatomas, though the risk is lower with primary biliary cirrhosis than with other types.
Fibrolamellar carcinoma is a rare type of hepatoma that usually affects relatively young adults. It isn't caused by preexisting cirrhosis, hepatitis B or C infection, or other known risk factors.
Usually, the 1st symptoms of a hepatoma are abdominal pain, weight loss, and a large mass that can be felt in the upper right part of the abdomen. .Alternatively , a person who has had cirrhosis for a long time may unexpectedly become much more ill. A fever is common. Occasionally, the first symptoms are acute abdomen pain and shock ,caused by a rupture or bleeding of the tumor.
People with hepatomas, blood levels of alpha-fetoprotein typically are high. Occasionally, blood tests reveal low levels of glucose or high levels of calcium, lipids, or red blood cells. At first , the symptoms don't provide many clues to the diagnosis. However, once the liver enlarges enough to be felt, a health care provider may suspect the diagnosis, especially if the person has long-standing cirrhosis. Occasionally, a doctor can hear rushing sounds (hepatic bruits) and scratchy sounds ( friction rubs) when a stethoscope is placed over the liver.
Abdominal ultrasound and computed tomography (CT) In some countries where the hepatitis B virus is common such as Japan, ultrasound scans are used to screen people with the infection for liver cancer. Hepatic arteriography (x-rays taken after a radiopaque substance is injected into the hepatic artery) may revel hepatomas. Hepatic arteriography is particularly useful before surgical removal of the hepatoma because it shows the surgeon the precise location of the liver blood vessels .A liver biopsy, in which a small sample of liver tissue is removed by needle for examination under a microscope, can confirm the diagnosis.Source(s): nurse
- LANLv 71 month ago
Cancer. Why do you ask here rather than just looking it up at a medical site that would give you more and a better definition of it?
And why is this the only question you ask?
Especially since the last time you posted this you were given a link to the mayo clinic that explained it well. Are you yet another one question troll that is going to constantly spam variations of this same little rant over and over?