Physics: Springs: A block of mass 1.4 kg is attached to a horizontal spring that has a force constant 1100 N/m as shown in the figure...?
A block of mass 1.4 kg is attached to a horizontal spring that has a force constant 1100 N/m as shown in the figure below. The spring is compressed 2.0 cm and is then released from rest.
(a) A constant friction force of 4.2 N retards the block's motion from the moment it is released. How much is the spring compressed when the speed of the block is a maximum.
(b) What is the maximum speed?
- NCSLv 74 months agoFavorite Answer
initial energy in the spring is
Ei = ½kx² = ½ * 1100N/m * (0.020m)² = 0.22 J
At lesser compression, that initial energy has been converted into friction work, KE, and some remaining spring energy:
E = 4.2N(0.020m - x) + ½mv² + ½kx²
and that total must equal Ei.
4.2N(0.020m - x) + ½mv² + ½kx² = 0.22 J
means that (dropping units for ease)
½mv² = 0.22 - ½kx² - 4.2*(0.020 - x)
differentiate w/r/t x
½m * 2v * dv/dx = -kx + 4.2
we want the point where dv/dx = 0, which is where
x = 4.2 / k = 4.2 / 1100 = 0.0038 m = 0.38 cm
½mv² = 0.22 - ½*1100*0.0038² - 4.2*(0.020 - 0.0038)
½ * 1.4kg * v² = 0.144 J ← just over this value, actually
v² = 0.206 m²/s²
v = 0.45 m/s ◄
it always makes me nervous when I do dv/dx and not dv/dt. Let's check:
at x = 0.0035 m,
½mv² = 0.22 - ½*1100*0.0035² - 4.2*(0.020 - 0.0035) = just under 0.144 J
and at x = 0.0040 m,
½mv² = 0.22 - ½*1100*0.0040² - 4.2*(0.020 - 0.0040) = 0.144 J
and so it seems to me that we have in fact found the max velocity at x = 0.0038 m.
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- Anonymous3 months ago
not a question. reported!