Go to Amazon and look for a very old edition of Halliday & Resnick's "Fundamentals of Physics." The topics you mention are included in problems and examples there, and you can buy the book for under $10 (if you choose a used copy of an old enough edition), maybe even under $5.
In my 1988 edition, uniform circular motion is covered in chapter 4 ("Motion in a Plane"), also check out chapter 11 ("Rotational Motion"). All of chapter 15 ("Gravity") would be relevant to you, as well as parts of chapter 38 ("Electromagnetic Waves") and chapter 39 ("Geometric Optics"). As your course moves along, it might also get into diffraction (see chaps 40 and 41).