Well, there's no exact equivalent. Castration prevents a man from fathering children, and the only equivalent for that in a woman would be removal of the uterus or ovaries. It may also, depending on the age at which it's done, prevent a man from maturing in certain ways and prevent the development of sexual desire, though not always. Men castrated after puberty may still be able to have erections.
Clitoridectomy, sometimes called female circumcision or female genital mutilation (FGM) tries to remove the clitoris so a woman will not experience sexual desire. However, the clitoris has long nerve endings, so it's not possible to remove all of it. FGM may also involve sewing most of the vagina shut, so a woman can't have intercourse. This is temporary -- the vagina is opened when she marries -- but it and removal of the clitoris can result in lifelong health problems and even death.
But these procedures in a woman do not make it impossible for her to have children, nor do they prevent sexual maturation, such as the development of hips, breasts, a menstrual period, etc.