It can, it would be unusual.
Distance running can help lose fat, so you could lose fat covering your glutes. But, it usually won't change the size of the muscles themselves.
However, in addition to burning fat, distance running also burns protein. So, if you did high mileage running and ate little protein, you could start to lose muscle mass. So, having enough protein in your diet will allow you to run without shrinking your muscles. If you live in the United States, chances are you are already getting enough dietary protein.
Also, to avoid muscle shrinkage, it's a good idea to do strength training. (A.K.A. resistance training, A.K.A. weight training).