Modern Italian is modern Latin. English is a Germanic language . Yes, it does borrow heavily from other languages, including Latin, Greek, French, Spanish, including the Catalan dialect of Spanish.
Languages and dialects are dynamic and interact with each other . Cajun French us NOT Parisian French. British English. When someone uses the word "torch" in a,sentence I think of a flambeau, whish is French word, not a flash light. I was born in and did a lot of growing up in greater New Orleans, which was owned by both the Spanish and the French. Cajuns ad Creoles are different, different cultures.
I learned far more about English grammar in Latin, French, and German classes than I ever did in English classes.