Theoretically, yes, most proteins could be synthesised by genetically modified bacteria. But there are lots of factors at play. The right genes need to be spliced, which can get complicated if other, precursor proteins are needed first. The correct bacterial genome as a whole may have to be tailored, which would require the correct species and strain in the first place. Then there has to be consideration of the effect of the build up of the desired protein, does it interfere with the bacteria's normal processes. It's complicated stuff.
· 4 weeks ago