Under Modi that is no longer true. I think over 90 percent of Indians have toilets now. There is no punishment as long as you were veiled.
Here is a hadith on the subject
The wives of the Prophet (ﷺ) used to go to Al-Manasi, a vast open place (near Baqi` at Medina) to answer the call of nature at night. `Umar used to say to the Prophet (ﷺ) "Let your wives be veiled," but Allah's Apostle did not do so. One night Sauda bint Zam`a the wife of the Prophet (ﷺ) went out at `Isha' time and she was a tall lady. `Umar addressed her and said, "I have recognized you, O Sauda." He said so, as he desired eagerly that the verses of Al-Hijab (the observing of veils by the Muslim women) may be revealed. So Allah revealed the verses of "Al-Hijab" (A complete body cover excluding the eyes).
Reference : Sahih al-Bukhari 146
In-book reference : Book 4, Hadith 12
USC-MSA web (English) reference : Vol. 1, Book 4, Hadith 148
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