Depends on your starting point. Do you believe it's the individual that makes society, or the society that makes the individual? That'll determine a lot of your laws, government, economics, etc. In basic terms, the logical extensions to these are either a libertarian capitalist society that values the individual with relatively no government, or a collectivist Communist society that values the community and everyone must be the same, whether or not they put lots of work or no work in. Are you an elitist who thinks certain groups of society can't fend for themselves? Do you believe in the inherent goodness of man? I suggest reading works by political authors like Hobbes, Locke, Algernon Sidney, Thomas More, and Cicero.