Hitler like most dictators used the devastated German economy to his advantage. The elected German Government was not able to sort out Germany's dire economic problems due to them having to pay the crippling reparation payments to Britain and France for their costs of WW1 as agreed in the surrender agreement of WW1, and then the devastating effects of the great depression of the late 1920s into the 1930s. Huge numbers of Germans were unemployed and hunger and homelessness was rife. Hitler and the ex-German soldiers came back from the trenches of WW1 to a country with little employment and little food and were angry that Germany had surrendered then they came back to no employment. They were angry and many felt they should have kept fighting in France.
Hitler saw the desperation of the German people and the dissatisfaction with the elected democratic government who seemed to be powerless to improve life for most Germans. Hitler after WW1 became very good at public speaking and started to rally people with rousing speeches on what had to be done to make Germany economically strong again. The ex WW1 soldiers rallied behind him and became Hitler's Brown Shirts who were the muscle behind Hitler's new political Nazi party. They would bash anyone who criticized Hitler and silence those who spoke out against him. Hitler and the Nazis started to distribute bread to the hungry and promised if he came to power he would stop the massive reparation payments to France and Britain and would start massive building programs to give people employment again. People saw a person in Hitler someone who was doing something positive for Germany and could possibly restore the German economy and make life for Germans good again. The Nazis put on huge rallies with impressive uniformed followers, lots of colourful Nazi flags, and impressive special effects like large numbers of search lights pointed skywards with their beams making the whole spectacle dazzling. It charged the senses of those present making them feel as so they were part of something special and powerful. Many German people were impressed and felt the need to be part of this new powerful political party. Hitler would give powerful speeches using carefully staged gestures to emphasize his authority and the people loved it. The Nazis needed a minority group to blame for all Germany's problems and Hitler had a personal hatred of Jews so the Nazis ran a propaganda campaign perceiving Jews as nothing but Vermin leeching any wealth in Germany for themselves leaving the rest of German society poor. They portrayed the Jews as evil and destroying Germany and the Nazis were the only party who would destroy them. With the perceived Jewish plot to take all Germany's wealth leaving the rest of the people poor united many people behind the Nazis as they were looking for someone to blame for their poverty.
The Nazis became the most powerful party in Germany with about twice the following of their nearest rivals the communist party. Hitler never won an election outright but the Nazi party was the most popular so Hitler was appointed as leader in 1933. At first Hitler was restrained by the old Kaiser who even though no longer king of Germany, as he had abdicated after Germany's surrender in WW1 still carried a lot of sway with the people and Hitler knew if he went against the Kaiser the people would turn on him. The Kaiser soon died after Hitler's appointment as leader and now with no one more powerful than him Hitler started his build up to total dictatorship. First he had all other political parties banned in Germany so no one could topple the Nazis and they could be the only political party. Then he had all the communists rounded up and eventually had them murdered as he knew they were the only threat to the Nazis. He made all German military forces swear an oath of allegiance to him and the Nazi party. The Gestapo, the German secret police, were formed whose job it was was to destroy any anti Nazi activists and activities and to keep total control of the German people. There were many who saw the danger Hitler was becoming but to speak out against him was likely a death penalty. During WW2 70,000 Germans were sent to concentration camps as they were caught defying the Nazis. Even listening to a foreign radio broadcast could have you sent to your death as they only wanted Germans to hear the official Nazi propaganda and news. New laws came in to stop Jews taking their wealth if they left the country and basically any Jew leaving the country could only take what was in their suitcase. Finally Jews were no longer allowed to leave so they could be rounded up and exterminated.
The Nazis stopped paying the reparation payments and Britain and France did not do anything to force Germany to continue paying them. Hitler borrowed vast sums from the rich in neighbouring countries for building projects to give Germans employment, but he had no intention of paying the money back as he was already planning to take over the countries and anyone complained that they were owed money by the Germans would be eliminated. The wealth of the Jews was stripped from them as they were forced into concentration camps and all this money was used to rebuild Germany and later to fund much of the German side of WW2. Much of the money went to secret rearmament programs as Germany rebuilt its military. All teenage boys were force to join the Hitler youth which was basically an exciting program where teenage boys were being taught things that would be useful for Germany in war time so was basically a basic training for the military.
It was an exciting time to be a German as the economy improved and the hunger and unemployment ceased, and Germany produced impressive air ships and passenger planes that dazzled the world, while much of the world was still struggling with the depression. Germany was seen as a country that was defying the depression that most other countries could not shake off. Little did they know it was all done on huge loans and stolen money and was not an economic miracle but a rather a false and unsustainable miracle unless Germany went to war which they did.