# home work math help!?

Update:

Consider a student loan of ​\$20,000 at a fixed APR of 6​% for 15 years.

a. Calculate the monthly payment.

b. Determine the total amount paid over the term of the loan.

c. Of the total amount​ paid, what percentage is paid toward the principal and what percentage is paid for interest.

Relevance
• Consider a student loan of ​\$20,000 at a fixed APR of 6​% for 15 years.

a. Calculate the monthly payment.

b. Determine the total amount paid over the term of the loan.

c. Of the total amount​ paid, what percentage is paid toward the principal

and what percentage is paid for interest.

-the monthly payment is \$177.02

-the total payment over the term of the loan is \$63727.2

Now if you want what percent of each payment goes to principal you need to get what is called an amortization schedule. You can find these in many places such as Yahoo Finance. Of course in this case the percentage of payment going to principal will change with every payment. The percentage going to principle starts very small but at the end becomes almost 100%.

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• p/P = i/(1 - 1/(1+i)^n)

p = periodic loan amortization payment

P = initial amount of loan

i = periodic interest rate = annual rate divided by number of payments per year

n = total number of periodic payments during the term of the loan

P = 20000

i = 0.06/12 = 0.005

n = 15*12 = 180

a. Calculate the monthly payment.

.p/P = 0.005/(1 - 1/(1.005)^180) = 0.0084386

Ans: p = 20000*0.0084386 = \$168.77

b. Determine the total amount paid over the term of the loan.

180 payments at \$168.77 = 30378.60

Ans: \$30378.60

c. Of the total amount​ paid, what percentage is paid toward the principal and what percentage is paid for interest

\$20000 paid toward the principal amount of the loan and 30378.60 - 20000 = 10378.60 paid toward interest.

Ans: 10378.60/30378.60 = 0.342 = 34.2% of total payment is interest.

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• We can work out a 3 payment structure for a loan and then generalize that to an n-payment structure

((L * (1 + i/12) - P) * (1 + i/12) - P) * (1 + i/12) - P = 0

Let 1 + i/12 = k

((Lk - P) * k - P) * k - P = 0

Solve for L

((Lk - P) * k - P) * k = P

(Lk - P) * k - P = P/k

(Lk - P) * k = P + P/k

Lk - P = P/k + P/k^2

Lk = P + P/k + P/k^2

L = P/k + P/k^2 + P/k^3

If this extended on through to an n-number of payments, hopefully you could see how this would generalize to:

L = P/k + P/k^2 + P/k^3 + .... + P/k^n

But adding up all of those terms is annoying, so let's simplify it. Let 1/k = a

L = Pa + Pa^2 + Pa^3 + ... + Pa^n

L = P * (a + a^2 + a^3 + ... + a^n)

S = a + a^2 + a^3 + ... + a^n

Sa = a * (a + a^2 + a^3 + .... + a^n)

Sa = a^2 + a^3 + a^4 + ... + a^(n + 1)

Sa - S = a^2 + a^3 + ... + a^(n + 1) - (a + a^2 + ... + a^n)

S * (a - 1) = a^2 - a^2 + a^3 - a^3 + ... + a^n - a^n + a^(n + 1) - a

S * (a - 1) = 0 + 0 + 0 + ... + 0 + a^(n + 1) - a

S * (a - 1) = a^(n + 1) - a

S * (a - 1) = a * (a^(n) - 1)

S = a * (a^(n) - 1) / (a - 1)

S = a * (1 - a^(n)) / (1 - a)

S = (1/k) * (1 - (1/k)^n) / (1 - (1/k))

S = (1/k) * (1 - (1/k)^n) / ((k - 1)/k)

S = (1 - (1/k)^n) / (k - 1)

S = (1 - k^(-n)) / (k - 1)

L = P * S

L = P * (1 - k^(-n)) / (k - 1)

L = P * (1 - (1 + i/12)^(-n)) / (1 + i/12 - 1)

L = P * (1 - ((12 + i) / 12)^(-n)) / (i/12)

L = 12 * P * (1 - (12/(12 + i))^n) / i

L = loan amount

P = payment

i = annual interest rate

n = number of payments

L = 20000

P = ?

i = 6% = 0.06

n = 15 year * 12 months/year = 180 months

L = 12 * P * (1 - (12/(12 + i))^n) / i

20000 = 12 * P * (1 - (12/(12 + 0.06))^180) / 0.06

20000 * 0.06 / (12 * (1 - (12/12.06)^180)) = P

P = 20000 * 0.01 / (2 * (1 - (2/2.01)^180))

P = 200 / (2 * (1 - (200/201)^180))

P = 100 / (1 - (201/200)^(-180))

P = 100 / (1 - 1.005^(-180))

P = 168.77136560969026208686627213866...

Your monthly payment will be \$168.77. Expect for it to be rounded up to 168.78 or even 169, just to make it a nice roundish number (that's real world expectation, where your final payment will be less than previous payments, but all of the other payments will be nicer to look at)

You're going to make 180 of those payments

180 * 100 / (1 - 1.005^(-180)) = 30378.845809744247175635928984958

\$30378.85

You'll pay 10378.85 in interest

10378.85 / 30378.85 = 0.34164714073551645564690222761633

34.165%, roughly in interest. The rest will be in principal. 1 - 0.34164714073551645564690222761633....

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• (a) Monthly payment is \$168.77, according to the Bret Whissel Amortization Calculator.

(b) The amount paid over the term of the loan is 180 x \$168.77 = \$30,378.60.

(c) Of the total amount paid, the percentage towards principal is 20000.00/30378.60 = 65.8%.

Therefore, the percentage towards interest is 100% - 65.8% = 34.2%.

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