# What number follows 0.9999999... if you repeat the nines to infinity? Is it the same as one or less than one?

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• Let me ask you a question?

Is 0.333333... equal to 1/3 or is it *almost* 1/3?

Almost everyone can agree if you divide out 1/3, you get 0.333333... with an unending sequence of threes. The decimal representation of 1/3 is 0.333333... and both are equivalent. Very few people say that 0.333333... is *almost* 1/3. If they do, they are wrong.

However, when it comes to 0.999999... our intuition gets messed up and we can't make the same assertion. People start arguing that the value isn't exactly 1; that it's just a little smaller than 1 or *almost* 1. So why the different reasoning?

The fact is, just like 0.333333... is exactly 1/3, it's also true that 0.999999... is exactly 1.

0.333333... + 0.333333... + 0.333333... = 1/3 + 1/3 + 1/3

0.999999... = 1

Another pattern that might help; look at the fractions 1/9, 2/9, etc. written as decimals:

0.1111... = 1/9

0.2222... = 2/9

0.3333... = 3/9 (or 1/3)

0.4444... = 4/9

0.5555... = 5/9

0.6666... = 6/9 (or 2/3)

0.7777... = 7/9

0.8888... = 8/9

0.9999... = 9/9 (or 1)

The value of 0.9999999... is exactly 1. You can think or imply that it is the number "just before 1" but it isn't.

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• I should probably start my answer with a question myself. What do you mean by "repeat the nines to infinity"? I understand the number 0.99999... where there is a well-defined finite number of nines, but infinity is NOT a number. Therefore, the expression 0.99999 has no meaning unless we give it one. To define what the expression 0.999...inf (or equivalently 0.999r) means, we define the sequence a_n as follows:

a_1 = 0.9, a_2 = 0.99, a_3 = 0.999, ... or equivalently a_n = 0.999 ... n nines ... 999

and we DEFINE 0.999r as the LIMIT of this sequence, where the limit of a sequence (assuming it has a limit) is a number L such that we can get a_n arbitrarily close to L simply by choosing a sufficiently large value for n. In the case of 0.999r, we see that no member of the sequence a_n equals 1, but we can get a number as close to 1 as we like simply by writing enough nines in the number 0.99999... Therefore, we can say that the limit of the a_n sequence is EQUAL to 1, or equivalently 0.999r = 1.

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• It's the same as one. I can prove it.

Let n = .99999999999...

10n = 9.99999999999...

-n = -.99999999999...

____________________

9n = 9

n = 1

The next number after it is 2.

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• ¹∕₉ = 0.1111111... which I will write as 0.1ᵣ, meaning the last digit repeats indefinitely.

0.9999999... = 0.9ᵣ = 9 × 0.1ᵣ = 9 × ¹∕₉ = 1

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• EVENTUALLY

0.99999999999999999... will be so close to 1 that it will be 1

If 0.9999999999999999... is 1

the number that ''follows'' 0.9999999999999999 (1) ... is 2

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• 0.99999.... to infinity =

9/9

Cancel down = 1

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• 0.999999... is exactly equal to 1.0000...

This is a very well known (but very non-intuitive) fact of mathematics. There are any number of videos on YouTube demonstrating the proof of that statement. Google "0.9999 YouTube" for a representative listing.

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• 0.9999999...

= 0.9^_ (repeating decimal)

= 1

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• Its less than one

But infinity doesnt exist in the real world

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• that is the same as 1.

If by number following, you mean next integer, that is 2

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