Off the top of my head, I can't. Songs that I think are really good also have interludes that I think are really good. Which makes it NOT 'filler'.
The musical interlude, instrumentation that comes between verses, or between verse and chorus, serves a specific purpose. It is to, literally, give the singer* a chance to breathe, rest, between vocal passages.
One might say that in the modern age, when studio recordings are often done with numerous 'takes' and then the song is edited, pieced together, why do you need an interlude? You don't - if no one is ever going to do a live performance of it.
In addition to the specific purpose for the interlude, the human ear has become accustomed to that interlude, that break, that musical passage. Just singing verse after verse with an occasional chorus in between, can get dull, quick. Just a short guitar solo or piano 'break' - and that's where the expression comes from - can be enough.
The only thing that immediately comes to mind without hard thinking, that did not use the interlude, but was just verse, chorus, verse, chorus, all the way through, is 'American Pie'. The lyrics were just that strong.
*People have been writing poetry and putting it to music for a long, long time. For centuries, composers of non-vocal music have employed the same principle, using breaks between the musical 'verses', or between verse and chorus. This was because the listener's ears and brain needed a break in between.