Native English speakers, could you please help me with these issues?
"Mr. Smith AROSE."
What does 'arose' mean? Is it that the man STOOD UP'? (And if it is, is 'arose' more formal than 'stood up'?)
2. Consider this other sentence:
"This is hard to be BORNE."
What does 'borne' mean? Is that 'that is something hard to WITHSTAND'? (And is that a formal word?)