Not a liberal (in the classic definition of the term), but I don't think it's a question of how many genders, rather it's the distinction between gender and sex.
Now sex, there are two of them, and if you include intersex (people born with feminine and masculine characteristics), there are three.
Though gender is the social roles given to members of these sexes, or how they're expected to act. For instance, you have the boy and the girl, the man and the woman. Typically the former refers to younger males and females who are children, and the latter refers to older ones. Younger males are expected to act like boys, and older ones are expected to act like men. Younger females are expected to act like girls, and older ones are expected to act like women.
Though what about men with feminine characteristics, or women with masculine characteristics? Or people who just don't want to follow the social roles given to their sex?
Many cultures recognize genders outside of the traditional two, for instance "To Native Hawaiians and Tahitians, Māhū is an intermediate state between man and woman, or a "person of indeterminate gender"" and " The traditional Diné of the Southwestern US acknowledge four genders: feminine woman, masculine woman, feminine man, masculine man."
TL;DR: Sex is the biological characteristics you have, and gender is the social expectations of different sexes and groups within them, at least from my understanding.
· 3 months ago