Probably not -- not without risking the handgun rupturing -- even out of very strong revolvers such as Smith and Wesson model 27 or a Ruger Blackhawk.
Some forty years ago .357 Magnum factory loads used to be loaded hotter than they are now -- with velocities exceeding 1,400 fps and muzzle energies hovering around 700 foot pounds or more. Some companies, such as Buffalo Bore and Double Tap make loads that duplicate these ballistics from yesteryear -- but nothing quite that powerful.
Even a fairly light bullet (say 140 grains) would have to be driven at a velocity of 1,800 feet per second in order to achieve 1,000 foot pounds of stopping power. Although lighter bullets can usually achieve more phenomenal muzzle energies and higher velocites at acceptable pressures, only a rifle powder could drive a bullet that fast, and the pressures would likely exceed 40,000 psi -- which is beyond what a standard revolver can handle.
Rifles chambered for .357 Magnum can achieve these energy levels with factory loads -- but that is only because the longer barrel enables the bullet to achieve the velocity levels that produce that much energy