No. The main drive is culture and history. Sub Sahara Africa and Americas were not as advanced as Europe and East Asia because their location were too isolated, which prevented access to technology. If Sub Sahara and Americas are located close to Eurasia, then they would've been much more advanced today.
Climate can also play a role. Societies that came from colder climate tend to be more efficient and hard working because their ancestors had to endure less frequent harvest season and shorter term of harvesting, which forced them to work faster and more efficiently. On the other hand, people in tropical places have enjoyed more frequent harvest seasons, so there's no motivation to work faster. It has nothing to do with genes, but rather the culture that is passed down from their ancestors.
Economy is also important. People in poorer countries have less access to education, which means they're less likely to be innovative in technologies. The lack of nutrition can also compromise their intelligence.