Why does a person with diabetes have increased thirst and lose weight?
- micksmixxxLv 71 year ago
A person with diabetes has increased thirst because the kidneys are 'working overtime' in order to get rid of the excess sugar (glucose) within the bloodstream. (The kidneys 'drag' fluids from other organs of the body so that they can create urine. This depletes these organs of the much needed fluid that they require in order to function correctly, therefore causing thirst.)
Loss of weight occurs because the sugar (glucose) within the bloodstream is not 'available' for use. This is because there is either a lack of insulin being produced by the pancreas (as in type 1 diabetes) OR the body's cells have become resistant to the effects of the insulin that is being produced (as in type 2 diabetes). Insulin is required in order for the body's cells to be 'unlocked' in order for glucose to enter them so that energy can be used in order to keep us alive.
This loss of weight can very quickly become a life-threatening situation where the sufferer would need to be admitted to hospital for emergency medical care. (In type 1 diabetes the sufferer would develop what's called Diabetic Ketoacidosis (DKA), and in type 2 the vast majority would develop what's called Hyperglycemic Hyperosmolar Non-Ketotic Syndrome (HHNS, or sometimes abbreviated to HONK dependent on which country you are in). SOME type 2 diabetics CAN also develop DKA, but this is comparatively rare.)
- 1 year ago
Somehow Need hydration for blood cells to fight off sugar