Today, the main source for the Dead Sea, the Jordan River, is almost completely diverted . . . by Israel, Syria and Jordan. Dead Sea’s history, is the Biblical account of how the Cities of the Plain settled in a fertile region until God, despairing at their moral breaches, ‘rained upon Sodom and upon Gomorrah brimstone and fire’ to turn it to a wasteland. It is generally believed that Sodom and Gomorrah were located near the southern end of the Salt Sea. Even today, in the plain along the SE shore, vegetation is abundant, and wheat, barley, dates, and vines can be grown there. The large amounts of bitumen and salt, especially in this southern section, also match the Biblical account of Sodom and Gomorrah.