This discussion is best defined as the age old clash between a declarative statements of fact versus declarative statements of religion .
"All declarative statements of fact require proof - even when the declaration is a negative one. Any person is 100% free to say he does not believe any god/gods exist, but his belief does not prove anything. He certainly does not "know" any such thing. He may absolutely and sincerely believe it, but he did not prove it and he does not "know" that to be a fact. Though, of course, that does not impede the non-believer's right to non-belief - they are two different things. One of these things has nothing to do with the other.
Example: Suppose I declare that no yellow butterflies exist on a newly discovered planet in orbit around Alpha Centauri - that statement is a declarative statement of fact and it requires proof - because that statement implies that I went and looked or in some manner I had established that as a fact - If I provide no physical proof that this is a fact, then I have proved nothing - period. It is true that I may believe what I said to be absolutely true, but I did not prove anything of the sort - And I certainly do not "know" any such thing.
No declarative statement of religion requires proof whatsoever- by definition, a declarative statement of religion is a belief in the absence of proof. In other words, if something is a fact it is not a religious belief - though, of course, a fact could be included in a religion, but it is still a fact whether it is included in a religion or not - indeed it is a fact whether anyone anywhere knows it or believes it at all.
That is the difference in belief and proof and that is the difference in declarative statements of fact versus declarative statements of religion.
All declarative statements of fact require proof (including negative ones) and no declarative statement of religion requires proof. The fact that some people do not like the distinction changes nothing."
 University of Pennsylvania: Logic Department; "Declarative Statements of Fact Versus Declarative Statements of Religion - A Major Difference" (April 2017).
· 6 months ago