New Mexico is a state within the United States of America. It shares common borders with Arizona, Colorado, Oklahoma, Texas and the country of Mexico. It touches Utah at the famous "Four Corners."
New Mexico is the fifth-largest state in the United States covering an area of 121,589 square miles. It is considered one of the Mountain States.
The landscape of New Mexico comprises four land regions:
Great Plains: The region extending from a high plateau in the north to south across the Pecos River is referred to as the Great Plains. The region is used for cattle ranches.
High Plains: The area along the eastern edge of the state, south of the Canadian River is known as the High Plains. The region is also known as the Staked Plains.
Rocky Mountains: The central part of New Mexico is covered by the Rocky Mountains. These extend from New Mexico to Colorado. The highest mountain peak in the state, Wheeler Peak, is found in this range.
The Basin and Range Region: Lying to the south of the Rocky Mountains, the Basin and Range Region covers about one-third of the state. This area consists of rugged mountain ranges. The important mountain peaks in the area include the Guadalupe, Mogollon, Organ, Sacramento, and San Andres mountain ranges.