Somewhat, yes. I had 5 judgements against me. My credit rating was 637 and I was trying to buy a house in May 2016. I paid the judgements off and in a month, it shot up to 680. Move in date was August 2016. Last March, 7 months later (and 7 months of mortgage payments), my credit is now 751. So, yes, pay them off and your credit score will definitely improve. But if I never had the judgements in the first place, I could only imagine how good my credit score would be.