Why do people file for unemployment?

I'm 16 and I got into the car with my mom and she was crying. She didn't say anything and was on the phone but almost as soon as I left she said "How do I file for unemployment?" I'm scared because she probably got fired and we already have it hard, I'm so scared and sad, I can't stop... show more I'm 16 and I got into the car with my mom and she was crying. She didn't say anything and was on the phone but almost as soon as I left she said "How do I file for unemployment?" I'm scared because she probably got fired and we already have it hard, I'm so scared and sad, I can't stop crying. Do people file for unemployment cause they've lost their job and why and what benefits come from this?
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