How are films payed for?

I don't mean some 14 year olds $50K student film but rather for lack of a better term a major motion picture. For example there were rumors that the 2 upcoming avengers films being probably shot back to back would cost around a billion, which isn't surprising the first had like a 200M budget and your... show more I don't mean some 14 year olds $50K student film but rather for lack of a better term a major motion picture. For example there were rumors that the 2 upcoming avengers films being probably shot back to back would cost around a billion, which isn't surprising the first had like a 200M budget and your including stuff like international promo but are the film distributors getting a credit line? Everyone is in debt but there's good and bad debt. For example Columbia relys on SPE who rely on Sony corporate in Japan. Sony has a equity of 2.497 trillion yen but their net income isn't that healthy compared to like a Comcast who own Universal. If this were a universal release would legendary be forking up some money to universal of course they'll take distribution fees but how is this all paid for? Mother ******* are in debt, are credit lines involved?
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