Is the bible unverified and collected by unknown anonymous authors? the Books of the old testament?
The Old Testament is a collection of works of greatly differing length and many different genres. They were written in several languages over a period of more than nine hundred years, based on oral traditions. Many of these works were corrected and completed in accordance with events or special requirements, often at periods that were very distant from one another. This copious literature probably flowered at the beginning of the Israelite Monarchy, around the Eleventh century B.C. It was at this period that a body of scribes appeared among the members of the royal household. They were cultivated men whose role was not limited to writing. The first incomplete writings, mentioned in the preceding chapter, may date from this period. There was a special reason for writing these works down; there were a certain number of songs (mentioned earlier), the prophetic oracles of Jacob and Moses, the Ten Commandments and, on a more general level, the legislative texts which established a religious tradition before the formation of the law. All these texts constitute fragments scattered here and there throughout the various collections of the Old Testament
It was not until a little later, possibly during the Tenth century B.C., that the so-called ‘Yahvist' text of the Pentateuch was written. This text was to form the backbone of the first five books ascribed to Moses. Later, the so-called ‘Elohist' text was to be added, and also the so-called ‘Sacerdotal' version.
The initial Yahvist text deals with the origins of the world up to the death of Jacob.This text comes from the southern kingdom, Judah. At the end of the Ninth century and in the middle of the Eighth century B.C., the prophetic influence of Elias and Elisha took shape and spread. We have their books today. This is also the time of the Elohist text of the Pentateuch which covers a much smaller period than the Yahvist text because it limits itself to facts relating to Abraham, Jacob and Joseph.
The books of Joshua and Judges date from this time. The Eighth century B.C. saw the appearance of the writer prophets: Amos and Hosea in Israel, and Michah in Judah. In 721 B.C., the fall of Samaria put an end to the Kingdom of Israel. The Kingdom of Judah took over its religious heritage. The collection of Proverbs dates from this period, distinguished in particular by the fusion into a single book of the Yahvist and Elohist texts of the Pentateuch;
in this way the Torah was constituted.Deuteronomy was written at this time. In the second half of the Seventh century B.C., the reign of Josiah coincided with the appearance of the prophet Jeremiah, but his work did not take definitive shape until a century later. Before the first deportation to Babylon in 598 B.C., there appeared the Books of Zephaniah, Nahum and Habakkuk. Ezekiel was already prophesying during this first deportation.
The fall of Jerusalem in 587 B.C. marked the beginning of the second deportation which lasted until 538 B.C.
The Book of Ezekiel, the last great prophet and the prophet of exile, was not arranged into its present form until after his death by the scribes that were to become his spiritual inheritors. These same scribes were to resume Genesis in a third version, the so-called ‘Sacerdotal’ version, for the section going from the Creation to the death of Jacob.
In this way a third text was to be inserted into the central fabric of the Yahvist and Elohist texts of the Torah. We shall see later on, in the books written roughly two and four centuries earlier, an aspect of the intricacies of this third text. It was at this time that the Lamentations appeared. On the order of Cyrus, the deportation to Babylon came to an end in 538 B.C. The Jews returned to Palestine and the Temple at Jerusalem was rebuilt.
The prophets’ activities began again, resulting in the books of Haggai, Zechariah, the third book of Isaiah, Malachi, Daniel and Baruch (the last being in Greek).
The period following the deportation is also the period of the Books of Wisdom: Proverbs was written definitively around 480 B.C., Job in the middle of the Fifth century B.C., Ecclesiastes or Koheleth dates from the Third century B.C., as do the Song of Songs, Chronicles I & II, Ezra and Nehemiah;
Ecclesiasticus or Sirah appeared in the Second century B.C.; the Book of Wisdom and the Book of Maccabees I & II were written one century before Christ. The Books of Ruth, Esther and Jonah are not easily datable. The same is true for Tobit and Judith. All these dates are given on the understanding that there may have been subsequent adaptations, since it was only circa one century before Christ that form was first given to the writings of the Old Testament.
For many this did not become definitive until one century after Christ
- Anonymous3 years agoFavorite Answer
Yes but it's incredibly remarkable how it all comes together
- GregoryLv 73 years ago
no the bible is not that at all
- TONI101Lv 73 years ago
The answer to your question is "No."
Your source has given you misinformation. The whole Bible canon was set shortly after the Apostle John died c. 100 CE.
Jehovah himself set the precedent for having laws and commandments written down. ... (Ex 34:27) Jehovah, therefore, was the one who communicated with Moses and instructed him to write down and preserve the first five books of the Bible canon.
Although no original Bible manuscripts have yet been found, thousands of handwritten copies of the whole Bible or portions of it have survived to our day.
The Bible writers are named and accounts given show when the book was written.
Most ancient historical writings are riddled with legends and myths and tend to magnify successes and victories of a ruler or a people while glossing over their failures and defeats. The Bible differs entirely in this respect; its records are completely accurate and honest, providing specific names, places, dates, and times that can be verified. For example, regarding the time when Jesus commenced his ministry, the Bible account provides the names of seven contemporaneous rulers and leaders, so that the reader can ascertain the exact time by comparing the Bible record with reliable history. (Luke 3:1, 2)
- grnlowLv 73 years ago
We know who wrote all the books and letters that make up the Bible. With the possible exception of a couple chapters of Psalms.
All were written under divine inspiration by Jehovah God. (2 Timothy 3:16-17). We also see over 300 quotes from the Old Testament in the New.
We know during the 4-5th centuries, the books if the Bible were collected and combined into one volume. Called the Holy Bible, Bible literally means "collection of nooks".
Although those who did this were hypocrites and false Christians, they were hardly the first non-worshipers of the True God to be used by him. Isaiah 44-45 foretold over 200 yes. before he was born, that he would be used to free Israel from slavery to Babylon. Before they were enslaved and during a time when neither Babylon or Meade's ever released any slaves. There are a few other examples I do not have space for here. They were used by God for His specific purpose.
We do know those men used as secretaries.
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- Bulky_BobLv 73 years ago
"Ecclesiasticus or Sirah appeared in the Second century B.C"
Total and complete garbage. It was written by Solomon about 900 BC. Your whole question/rant is simply an attempt, failing, to undermine the veracity and authenticity of God's Word with nonsense claims that the writers are not the writers. If that "works" for you for now, fine, but this is simply garbage.
- 3 years ago
I've never heard of any source of the bible being as old as the 11th century. The oldest source is probably the Jahwist of the Torah and beyond that, all other books of the OT were probably written between 800-150 BC I believe.
- 3 years ago
The Biblical account is confirmed by numerous historians.
Atheists like you are blind to the truth because you want to feel more comfortable in your sin.