How does Napoleon, from Animal Farm, represent negative human behavior?
- Anonymous3 years agoFavorite Answer
Napoleon helped to overthrow the humans that had been oppressing the animals in the farm with help from fellow pig Snowball but soon becomes extremely corrupt and cruel - disposing of animals that displease him and adopting policies almost identical to those used by the humans they had fought against.
In the end of the story Napoleon and his fellow pigs (minus Snowball, who ran afoul of Napoleon and disposed of) are so corrupt that the other animals can no longer tell the difference between the pigs and the humans.
Napoleon is Orwell's chief villain in Animal Farm. Napoleon, he pig, is really the central character on the farm. An obvious metaphor for Stalin, Comrade Napoleon represents the human frailties of any revolution. Orwell believed that although socialism is good as an ideal, it can never be successfully adopted due to uncontrollable sins of human nature. For example, although Napoleon seems as first to be a good leader, he is eventually overcome by greed and soon becomes power-hungry. Of course Stalin did too in Russia, leaving the original equality of socialism behind, giving himself all the power and living in luxury while the common peasant suffered. Thus, while his national and international status blossomed, the welfare of Russia remained unchanged. Orwell explains, "Somehow it seemed as though the farm had grown richer without making the animals themselves any richer--except, of course for the pigs and the dogs."The true side of Napoleon becomes evident after he slaughters so many animals for plotting against him. He even hires a pig to sample his food for him to make certain that no one is trying to poison him. Stalin, too, was a cruel dictator in Russia. After suspecting many people in his empire to be supporters of Trotsky (Orwell's Snowball), Stalin systematically murders many. By the end of the book, Napoleon doesn't even pretend to lead a socialist state. After renaming it a Republic and instituting his own version of the commandments and the Beasts of England, Comrade Napoleon, he quickly becomes more or less a dictator who of course has never even been elected by the animals. On the whole, Napoleon is the ruthless, cunning tyrant who is responsible for the betrayal of Major’s dream. Napoleon is relatively silent but still manages to get his own way, suggesting a determined character. His deviousness is signified when he puts himself in charge of the milk and ends up feeding it to himself and the rest of the pigs.The fact that he gets rid of Snowball underlines how powerful he really is. His cowardice is hinted however when at the ‘’Battle of Cowshed’’ he is nowhere to be seen. The Seven Commandments are changed throughout the novel to suit him. He becomes increasingly self-seeking as the novel progresses. He keeps himself remote from the other animals and lives in luxury (dines with luxurious chinaware and eats sugar, this last point reminding us of Mollie who ate that and was considered a traitor. He puts his power into terrifying use. The extent of his cruelty is apparent in his treatment of Boxer. Once he attains his power, any original idea he may have about animalism is eroded. He gradually adopts human behaviour and contradicts all what Major said, believed and even dreamt about.