It depends on the colleges you're looking at. Some have deadlines in November, and if your plan was to start school in fall, 2017, you're too late for those schools. But a lot of schools have later deadlines, and some have deadlines in the time period you mention.
You can use the college search function on the Common App website to find all schools in a specific region(s) which have deadlines after a specific date. That'll give you a list of schools with deadlines after February, and you can go from there.
Even if you can't apply to colleges until later, you want to file the FAFSA as quickly as you can. You can always add the names of the colleges to the FAFSA later on, but some types of aid have early deadlines, so get that form in asap.