What exactly happened in the Galileo Affair?

Okay, so here's what I think I know about the Galileo Affair: - Galileo proposed the heliocentric model that had the sun as the centre of the universe - Catholic Church said it was an interesting theory but it needed more evidence - Galileo published it anyways - Catholic Church gave him house arrest - Galileo... show more Okay, so here's what I think I know about the Galileo Affair:
- Galileo proposed the heliocentric model that had the sun as the centre of the universe
- Catholic Church said it was an interesting theory but it needed more evidence
- Galileo published it anyways
- Catholic Church gave him house arrest
- Galileo died and now his finger is in a museum


Then I'm reading different things like the Catholic Church hating the theory from the beginning, Galileo being tortured, him insulting the Pope, and apparently the Catholic Church denies that it happened. And of course the Illuminati is in there somehow.

What actually happened? I don't care about the religious part.
8 answers 8