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Kevin7
Lv 7
Kevin7 asked in Science & MathematicsMedicine · 4 years ago

What are some medicines derived from fruit?

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  • connie
    Lv 7
    4 years ago
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    Fruit: Fruits have been heavily used for medicinal purposes. Dried whole fruits or portions of fruits can be used. Many members of the carrot family have fruits that are used in medicine including fennel fruit and anise.

    http://www.fs.fed.us/wildflowers/ethnobotany/medic...

    Cranberry Juice or Extract: This and related Uva Ursi extract has been shown to inhibit the activity of "adhesin", which is needed for the pili, or tiny hairs, on the E coli bacteria to stick to the cells lining the urinary tract. They may therefore be useful in the treatment and prevention of bladder infections with those bacteria.

    Saw Palmetto: Extract of this Florida fruit contains 5-alpha reductase activity as well as other factors which inhibit production of prostaglandins. This and stinging nettle extract has been approved by the German government for the treatment of the symptoms of benign prostatic hypertrophy. It is perhaps the most widely used treatment for this disorder in Europe. The FDA has expressed some concern that widespread use here might delay those with prostate symptoms from seeking evaluation which might reveal more serious problems such as cancer. My experience with recommending saw palmetto to patients as a natural option for treatment of their symptoms has been mixed - it seems to have helped some, while others have had no relief until we went with prescription chemicals.

    The mammosa, commonly called the "titfruit" in Costa Rica. A member of the solanum, or eggplant family, it is used to treat sinus infections in a number of creative ways. Eggplant extract is used to treat various skin cancers in several countries.

    http://www.rainforesteducation.com/medicines/Plant...

    Cacao is a tropical tree native to South America. The fruit is a pod containing a sweet pulp with lots of seeds, the cocoa "beans" . From cacao we obtain cocoa butter used in fine soaps and cosmetics and in medicine for creams and suppositories; the residue is converted into a powder (cocoa) and used for drinks. Chocolate is the most popular food made from cocoa.

    http://iesicaria.xtec.cat/rainforest/flora.htm

    Mulberry fruit is classified in the modern Chinese Materia Medica as a blood tonic, and is listed along with herbs having similar traditional uses such as ho-shou-wu (Polygonum multiflorum, root), cooked rehmannia (Rehmannia glutinosa, root), ligustrum (Ligustrum lucidum, fruit) and lycium (Lycium chinensis, fruit). Traditionally, mulberry fruit has been used as a medicinal agent to nourish the yin and blood, benefit the kidneys, and treat weakness, fatigue, anemia, and premature graying of hair. It is also used utilized to treat urinary incontinence, tinnitus, dizziness, and constipation in the elderly and the anemic.

    http://www.itmonline.org/arts/morus.htm

    Cancer tumours destroyed by berry found in Queensland rainforest. Drug derived from the fruit of the blushwood tree kills cancerous tumours long-term in animals in 70% of cases. Scientists have managed to destroy cancerous tumours by using an experimental drug derived from the seeds of a fruit found in north Queensland rainforests.The drug, called EBC-46, was produced by extracting a compound from the berry of the blushwood tree, a plant only found in specific areas of the Atherton Tablelands. A single injection of the drug directly into melanoma models in the laboratory, as well as into cancers of the head, neck and colon in animals, destroyed the tumours long-term in more than 70% of cases, the study’s lead author, Dr Glen Boyle, said.

    http://www.theguardian.com/society/2014/oct/08/can...

    Drugs from Fruits & Seeds

    Chaulmoogra Oil

    Natives of Burma and other parts of Southeastern Asia have used the seeds and oil from the chaulmoogra tree, Hydnocarpus kurzii, and related species to treat skin diseases. Thus, in a quest for a treatment for leprosy it was found at the University of Hawaii that the oil from these trees had certain acids the ethyl esters of which were productive in treating leprosy. These tall trees grow in dense jungles and bear velvety fruits with several large seeds. These contain fatty oil with a characteristic odor and acrid taste. The expressed oil is a brownish-yellow liquid or soft solid.

    Colocynth

    The bitter apple, Citrullus colocynthis, has a spongy pulp that when dried is the source of the glucosidal drug colocynth. The plant is native to warm parts of Africa and Asia, but has been distributed worldwide and cultivated in the Mediterranean area. The fruits resemble oranges, and the rind is removed while the white bitter pulp is dried and shipped in balls. It is a powerful purgative.

    Cubebs

    The dried unripe fruits of Piper cubeda are called cubebs. It is a climbing vine of Malaya and eastern India, and it is cultivated in Thailand, Java, Sri Lanka and the West Indies. The berries look a lot like black pepper, but they are stalked. They have a warm, butter aromatic flavor and a strong odor from the presence of an oleoresin. Cubebs are used to treat catarrh and as a kidney stimulant. They have also been used as a condiment or spice.

    Croton Oil

    The dried ripe seeds of Croton tiglium contains the fatty croton oil. It is a shrub or small tree of Southeastern Asia, but is also cultivated in Sri Lanka and India. Croton oil is a yellowish-brown liquid with a burning taste and offensive odor. It is one of the most powerful of purgatives. The flowers and crushed leaves are used in India to poison fish.

    Nux Vomica

    This is a valuable drug obtained from the seeds of Strychnos nux-vomica, a tree native to India, Sri Lanka, Cochin China and Australia. The large fruits contain from 3-5 grayish seeds that are very hard and bitter. Ripe seeds have two important alkaloids: strychnine and bucine. Nux vomica is used as a tonic and stimulant; strychnine is used in small doses to treat nervous disorders and paralysis. Its properties have been known back in the 16th Century.

    Opium

    One of the most useful and yet vicious drugs, opium is derived from the dried juice or latex of unripe capsules of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. The poppy is an annual with showy white flowers. Native to Western Asia, it is no found in most countries as a weed. It has been cultivated extensively in China, India, Asia Minor, the Balkans and elsewhere. Following petal fall the capsules are incised with a knife and the white latex exudes and soon hardens in the air. It is scraped off and shaped into balls or cakes, which are often wrapped in the poppy petals. Crude opium is a brownish material containing as many as 25 alkaloids, the most important and most powerful being morphine and codeine. Due to the narcotic and sedative action opium and its derivatives are used to relieve pain, relax spasms and induce sleep.

    Psyllium

    Commercial psyllium is the seed of several of the fleaworts, Asiatic and European species of plantain, which are cultivated in France, Spain and India. French psyllium is Plantago indica, Spanish psyllium is P. psyllium, and blonde psyllium, the East Indian product, is P. ovata. Psyllium seed contains a tasteless mucilaginous substance that acts as a mild laxative and is comparable to agar and mineral oil for use in chronic constipation. The extracted mucilage is used as a cosmetic and in stiffening fabrics.

    Strophanthus

    The dried ripe seeds of Strophanthus kombe and S. hispidus are the source of the drug strophanthus that is used as a heart stimulant. The plants are woody climbers of African forests. The active principles include the glucoside strophanthin and a few alkaloids. Another species, Strophanthus sarmentosus, has a substance that can be transformed into cortisone.

    Wormseed

    American wormseed, Chenopodium ambrosioides var. anthelminticum is native to South and Central America and the West Indies, but has become naturalized in the United States. It has also been cultivated in many areas for its natural oil. The oil is obtained by distillation from the fruits and is used in the treatment of hookworm infections.

    http://www.faculty.ucr.edu/~legneref/botany/medici...

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  • 4 years ago

    There are very few medicines if any that aren't made from various chemical formulations. The reason, Pharmaceutical companies can't patent a natural cure! It's all about the money, not actually curing illnesses. Do you believe they want to cure Diabetes or Cancer? Not as long as they are making billions of dollars selling their drugs they don't! Think about it when have they cured any disease since Small Pox or Polio?

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