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what does the study of sociology involve?
- 5 years agoFavorite Answer
Sociologists study society in regards to emerging social patterns, social interactions, social stratifications, culture, social problems, communication, etc. Sociologist use qualitative (interview based) and quantitative research as well as other means of studying various subject areas. Here are a few different areas of study within the discipline: Inequality, Deviance, Gender studies, Disaster, Conflict, Stratification, Education, Religion, Diversity, Gerontology, etc.
One can study just about anything as a Sociologist.
*In UNIVERSITY one would study the basics that include but are NOT confined to the following: The founders of SOCI (Comte, Spencer, Marx, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel) as well as: Basic SOCI approaches (micro, macro, ethno., exchange, etc.), A brief intro to research methodology, Culture (components, diversity, etc), Social structure (institutions, stratification, etc.), Socialization, Deviance (basic), Demography will also find its way into many chapters through birth rates, etc.), Paradigms (conflict, structural functionalist, symbolic interactionalist)
*In short, you will just get a brief overview of the topics you will explore individually as you begin to take upper division SOCI courses such as Deviance, Social Problems, Marital and Sexual, Urban, Theory, Research Methods, Statistics, and so forth.
Examples of Careers in Sociology:
•Administration: A professional with a degree in sociology is well prepared for administrative positions, particularly in government and public agencies that administer human services. Sociologists in leadership roles help define policies toward groups of people in need of public assistance. By leading teams of researchers and social work professionals, sociologists can reshape their communities.
•Business: A degree in sociology prepares a student for a career in business. Sociologists research consumer trends and work with market researchers to discover new opportunities to meet the public's needs. Some corporations employ sociologists to impact the social effects of major projects like plant relocations or store openings. Sociologists also help product designers understand the overall trends shaping consumer culture in order to inspire tomorrow's hot new products.
•Corrections: As the prison population in our country continues to expand, many local governments hire sociologists to understand the impact of tougher laws on neighborhoods. Sociologists also help corrections officials determine the effects of new programs and regulations on the prison population.
•Counseling: Some counselors and therapists study sociology in order to better understand some of the larger trends they see among patients. By using the kinds of pattern analysis techniques that sociologists are known for, counselors can focus their practices on critical needs in their communities.
•Education: A person with a sociology degree may choose to pursue a career in education. A bachelor's degree and teaching certificate are adequate for teaching classes such as political science, history, and social science at the high school level. Ph.D. level graduates may pursue careers at the college and university level.
•Investigations: Sociology professionals play larger roles at major investigative bureaus, especially the Federal Bureau of Investigations. Working with detectives and profilers, sociologists help law enforcement officials anticipate crime by identifying obscure patterns. Targeting areas that are likely to be the focus of criminals allows officials to deploy scarce resources more effectively. Therefore, investigators can close cases more quickly while improving the quality of life in previously dangerous areas.
•Journalism: Sociology majors with a proven ability to communicate well may find a home for their talents in a variety of news gathering organizations. Newspapers and local broadcast news outlets employ sociologists to help understand the kinds of stories that engage readers, viewers, and listeners in a particular region. Sociologists work with editors and market researchers to identify the right balance of news that audience members expect with the stories that need to be reported to uphold civic responsibilities.
•Public Relations: Some sociology majors with an interest in journalism find jobs as public relations officers for major corporations. By reviewing market research data and understanding historic trends, sociologists can anticipate challenges when rolling out new products or building infrastructure. Sociologists who truly understand the motivations of customers, community activists, and journalists can effectively defuse problems in the media by responding to the public's concerns with carefully composed solutions.
•Research: Some sociology professionals can carve out careers as independent research consultants who examine trends in human behavior for a variety of clients. By carving out a solid reputation for reliable work, these specialists attract interesting problems without having to pursue grants like their colleagues in the academic sector.
•Senior Services: Over the next few decades, the United States will experience an unprecedented explosion in the number of Americans over the age of sixty-five. Numerous outreach organizations and government agencies are hiring sociologists to study the effects of an again population on our culture. In addition, many researchers hope to anticipate the results of the coming contraction of population as baby boomers die off. Sociologists use scenario planning exercises along with a variety of resources to predict the opportunities for future generations to thrive in a country with far fewer residents.
•Youth Services: Our society places more value on the lives of children than at any point in our nation's history. A variety of government agencies and nonprofit institutions monitor the impact of policies and parental habits on today's young people. Sociologists examine the challenges that young people face when interacting with people of other generations. They also examine the significant cultural shifts driven by young people's tastes in popular culture.
- forte88engLv 75 years ago
it's the study of society and how people are classified into different groups. from there forecasts and suppositions are made to predict how those groups of people might act in the future under certain circumstances. it's a fascinating subject and very useful for a number of professions as it helps you to know and understand yourself and others.
- Serene ELv 75 years ago
This is basically psychology on a group scale. Looking at cultural history of native americans, blacks, white, immigrants, disabled, etc.
- SiennaLv 75 years ago
Becoming a professional árse-licker to the State.
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- BoboLv 75 years ago
It's all opinion and theory. Nothing tangible.