What do each major US political party, Democrats and Republicans, stand for?
I prefer answers from people who truly understand and can see things from both sides point of view. I don't want to know which side you prefer and I don't want biased answers. Thanks.
- 4 years agoFavorite Answer
Good thing you are getting unbiased answers to this question.
Both parties believe what James Madison wrote in his Federalist Paper (#51):
"If men were angels, no government would be necessary. If angels were to govern men, neither external nor internal controls on government would be necessary."
but they disagree very strongly on how much government is necessary, and how much control on government is necessary. Democrats lean on the side of more government; distrusting the individual and business and believing that we need the influence and regulation of a strong central government. Republicans distrust the government, believing that the free enterprise system is self-regulating through competition, and seek to minimize that central control.
Fiscally, Republicans believe in a top-down tax system; in other words, if taxes are relaxed on everyone equally, businesses would have more money for things like expansion, hiring, RandD, opening new markets, etc. Along with this expansion would come hiring. With more people working, the amount of revenue that is required by the government would be spread among far more people, enabling taxes to stay at a low rate. Further, with more people working, unemployment would lower, reducing the strain on the federal budget by reducing the need for some unemployment compensation and extensions, welfare, food stamps, and other forms of assistance.
Democrats believe that this top-down system favors business and the wealthy too much, and they will pocket the money instead of stimulating the economy. In a bottom-up approach, that the tax system should favor the poor and lower-middle class. They believe that by putting more money in the hands of the consumers, more demand will be created for the goods and services provided by businesses, which will then allow them to expand, hire more people, etc.
While most of the administrations we've had in the last 50 years could probably be described as "center-left" or "center-right", the current administration leans very heavily to the left; their approach is such that they are seeking central government control over many, many aspects of our lives - manufacturing, banking, healthcare, education, and so forth. Their approach is called "Populism"; which is an ideology that sides with the "people" over the "elites", by convincing the people that they are somehow victims of a wealthy class, and that the solution lies with bigger government. For example, rather than defend their graduated tax system in economic terms, describing how it will stimulate the economy, it is presented as being against "Tax Cuts for the Rich"; many of your answers to this question echo that sentiment, saying that "Republicans Favor the Rich (the elite class).
Constitutionally, we have always sought balance between a strong central government and the sovereignty and authority of the individual states. Sometimes these lines get fuzzy, but generally Republicans are stricter constitutionalists, believing that the government should be limited wherever possible, and the sovereignty of the states be preserved (the limits of government are outlined specifically in the Bill of Rights, which is the first ten amendments to the constitution; the authority of the states is defined in the 10th Amendment).
Democrats believe that the limitations outlined in the Constitution are subject to wider interpretation; in fact, Barack Obama has called it a "flawed document" for this reason. In a statement that Conservatives found to be a little shocking, Obama criticized the constitution by saying "It is a document of negative liberties, only saying what the government cannot do to you, but not saying what the government is obligated to do on your behalf". He sincerely meant this to be a valid criticism, but Republicans and conservatives view that as the inherent beauty and value of the document. Although Obama is pretty far to the left of center, I think this statement illustrates much of the difference between Democrats and Republicans.
So with that in mind, we have a stronger Department of Education, Energy; we now have government run National Healthcare, the government is weighing in on marriage, on gun control, on domestic violence; we have agencies that regulate aspects of our lives and limit the sovereignty of our states. Individual states like Arizona and New Mexico have been sued for upholding their own and federal immigration laws.
There is a lot more. Tons more - but this will scratch the surface for you.
- Anonymous4 years ago
The question cannot be answered in a format such as this. There are MANY differing political philosophies within EACH political party.
However in general, dems prefer "Federal Government" solutions to problems. GOP prefers, when appropriate, either individual states or private sector solutions.
- ZardozLv 74 years ago
Office.Source(s): [n] = 10ⁿ
- Anonymous4 years ago
Dems stand for scraping uteri. Republicans stand for farming them.
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- Darth BeaverLv 44 years ago
The Koch Bros are spending $800M to make sure the Republicans are their lackys..quite successfully too